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Sex differences on Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices within Saudi Arabia and across the Arab world: Females’ advantage decreases from childhood to adolescence
Ulster Institute for Social Research, London, UK.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0321-6846
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5366-1169
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
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2018 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 134, p. 66-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sex differences in intelligence are of great importance with regard to understanding intelligence's underlyingevolutionary forces. Previous research in this area has had a strong focus on Western countries and data acrossdevelopmental stages are fragmented. Here, we present new data on Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices fromthree samples in Saudi Arabia, and combine these with nine previously published studies from other Arabcountries, which also provide data for each year of age. We specifically consider Lynn's developmental theory ofsex differences in intelligence, whereby a female advantage becomes pronounced due to earlier average pubertyand then decreases as males enter puberty. The estimates for each age do not differ significantly from zero, andvery few from each other, apparently due to large heterogeneity across studies. Nevertheless, the age trend islargely consistent with Lynn's model. Moreover, its specific predictions are seemingly borne out in many individualcountries. Plausible explanations for incongruities in Sudan, Libya, Yemen and Saudi Arabia are alsoexamined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 134, p. 66-70
Keywords [en]
Intelligence Arab: Raven's Progressive Matrices Sex differences
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153678DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2018.05.048ISI: 000442058800011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-153678DiVA, id: diva2:1265970
Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-26 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Madison, Guy

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CiteExportLink to record
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