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Sex differences on Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices within Saudi Arabia and across the Arab world: Females’ advantage decreases from childhood to adolescence
Ulster Institute for Social Research, London, UK.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0321-6846
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5366-1169
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 134, s. 66-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Sex differences in intelligence are of great importance with regard to understanding intelligence's underlyingevolutionary forces. Previous research in this area has had a strong focus on Western countries and data acrossdevelopmental stages are fragmented. Here, we present new data on Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices fromthree samples in Saudi Arabia, and combine these with nine previously published studies from other Arabcountries, which also provide data for each year of age. We specifically consider Lynn's developmental theory ofsex differences in intelligence, whereby a female advantage becomes pronounced due to earlier average pubertyand then decreases as males enter puberty. The estimates for each age do not differ significantly from zero, andvery few from each other, apparently due to large heterogeneity across studies. Nevertheless, the age trend islargely consistent with Lynn's model. Moreover, its specific predictions are seemingly borne out in many individualcountries. Plausible explanations for incongruities in Sudan, Libya, Yemen and Saudi Arabia are alsoexamined.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. Vol. 134, s. 66-70
Nyckelord [en]
Intelligence Arab: Raven's Progressive Matrices Sex differences
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-153678DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2018.05.048ISI: 000442058800011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-153678DiVA, id: diva2:1265970
Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-26 Skapad: 2018-11-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Madison, Guy

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Dutton, EdwardMadison, Guy
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Personality and Individual Differences
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