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Factores asociados a la respuesta a la violencia del compañero íntimo en atención primaria de salud en España
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Departamento de Enfermería I, Escuela de Enfermería, Universidad del País Vasco, Leioa, España.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7234-3510
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health. Grupo de Investigación en Salud Pública, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, España.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8114-4705
2018 (Spanish)In: Gaceta Sanitaria, ISSN 0213-9111, E-ISSN 1578-1283, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 433-438Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [es]

Objetivo: Analizar la capacidad de respuesta a la violencia del compañero íntimo (VCI) de profesionales sanitarios/as españoles/as en atención primaria e identificar posibles determinantes que puedan favorecer una mejor respuesta.

Método: Estudio transversal con muestreo no probabilístico y por conveniencia en profesionales sanitarios/as de 15 centros de atención primaria españoles. El instrumento Physician Readiness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence Survey (PREMIS), en su versión validada y traducida al español, permitió recolectar información sobre conocimientos, opiniones y prácticas sobre VCI. Se realizaron análisis estadísticos descriptivo y de regresión lineal bivariada y multivariada.

Resultados: Se recibieron 265 cuestionarios diligenciados, con una tasa de respuesta del 80,3%. Se observó un efecto exposición-respuesta, en el que a más horas de formación, mayor puntuación en las escalas del cuestionario (p <0,05). La edad, el tipo de profesión, los años de experiencia en atención primaria, las horas de formación en VCI y la lectura del protocolo mostraron asociación positiva con conocimientos (preparación percibida, conocimiento percibido, conocimiento real), opiniones (preparación del equipo, requerimientos legales, autoeficacia, disponibilidad de recursos en el lugar de trabajo, barreras, entendimiento de la víctima) y prácticas del personal sanitario.

Conclusiones: Leer el protocolo de actuación regional/nacional y recibir formación en VCI fueron las intervenciones más importantes asociadas a una mejor capacidad de respuesta a la VCI de los/las profesionales sanitarios/as en atención primaria.

Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the Spanish primary care professionals' readiness to respond to intimate partner violence (IPV) in primary care and identify possible determinants that could facilitate a better response.

METHOD: A cross-sectional study with a non-probabilistic sampling by convenience was performed among healthcare professionals working in 15 primary care centres in Spain. The Physician Readiness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence Survey (PREMIS), the version validated and translated into Spanish, was the instrument used to collect information about knowledge, opinions and practices regarding intimate partner violence. Descriptive analysis and, simple and multiple linear regression analysis were performed.

RESULTS: A total of 265 completed questionnaires were received, with a response rate of 80.3%. An exposure-response effect was observed, where at higher hours of training a higher score was obtained on the questionnaire sections (p <0.05). Age, type of profession, years of experience in primary care, hours of IPV training and reading the protocol showed positive association with knowledge (perceived preparation, perceived knowledge, actual knowledge), opinions (staff preparation, legal requirements, self-efficacy, workplace issues, constraints, understanding of the victim) and practice of healthcare professionals.

CONCLUSIONS: Reading the regional/national protocol for action and receiving training in IPV were the most important interventions associated to a better primary care professionals' readiness to respond to IPV in Spanish primary care settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 32, no 5, p. 433-438
Keywords [en]
Primary health care, Intimate partner violence, Violence against women, Readiness, Multivariate analysis
Keywords [es]
Análisis multivariado, Atención primaria de salud, Capacidad de respuesta, Violencia contra la mujer, Violencia del compañero íntimo
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154006DOI: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.03.003ISI: 000445441300006PubMedID: 28545740OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154006DiVA, id: diva2:1269802
Note

[Factors associated with primary care professionals' readiness to respond to intimate partner violence in Spain]

Available from: 2018-12-11 Created: 2018-12-11 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved

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