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PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH AND WITHOUT A TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DISORDER PAIN DIAGNOSIS
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

 

Aim: To investigate the presence of psychological and behavioral factors in individuals with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain-related diagnoses, compared to individuals without, with special emphasis on the level of perceived stress.

 

Materials and methods: 24 patients with TMD symptoms and eight individuals without symptoms (18-75 years) were included at Malmö University and Umeå University. The participants answered validated DC/TMD Axis II questionnaires regarding stress, pain, pain-related disability, depression, anxiety, catastrophizing, physical symptoms, oral behaviors and pain locations. DC/TMD axis I clinical examination was performed on all participants.

 

Results: 22 patients fulfilled criteria of pain-related DC/TMD diagnosis and ten participants had no pain-related DC/TMD diagnosis. The results showed difference (p < 0.05) in perceived stress, depression, anxiety, pain, pain-related disability, physical symptoms, jaw function, oral behaviors and pain locations between individuals with and without DC/TMD pain-related diagnosis. Furthermore, difference in psychological and behavioral factors according to level of perceived stress (p < 0.05) and correlation between stress and factors previously mentioned (p < 0.01).

 

Conclusion: In conclusion, this study indicates an association between stress, anxiety and TMD pain. Stress seems to be closely related to oral behaviors and pain-related psychological factors as well as presence of pain sites in these patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 30
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154137DiVA, id: diva2:1270110
External cooperation
VLL
Educational program
Dentistry Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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