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The need-relevant instructor behaviors scale: development and initial validation
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP), ISSN 0895-2779, E-ISSN 1543-2904, Vol. 40, no 5, p. 259-268Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This article outlines the development and validation of the Need-Relevant Instructor Behaviors Scale (NIBS). Drawing from self-determination theory, the NIBS is the first observation tool designed to code the frequency and the intensity of autonomy-, competence-, and relatedness-relevant behaviors of exercise instructors. The scale also captures the frequency of need-indifferent behaviors.

Methods: The behaviors of 27 exercise instructors were coded by trained raters on two occasions, before and after they received training in adaptive motivational communication.

Results: Findings supported the structural validity and reliability of the scale. The scale's sensitivity to detect changes in frequency and intensity of need-relevant behaviors was also evidenced. Conclusions: The NIBS is a new tool that offers a unique, tripartite assessment of need-relevant behaviors of leaders in the physical activity domain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2018. Vol. 40, no 5, p. 259-268
Keywords [en]
exercise, motivation, need support, need thwarting, observation, self-determination theory
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154082DOI: 10.1123/jsep.2018-0043ISI: 000450600700004PubMedID: 30404573OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154082DiVA, id: diva2:1270189
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Stenling, Andreas

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  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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