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Physical activity-related drivers of perceived health status in adults with congenital heart disease
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2018 (English)In: American Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0002-9149, E-ISSN 1879-1913, Vol. 122, no 8, p. 1437-1442Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Data on the differential impact of physical activity on perceived health status (PHS) in a large adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patient population are lacking. We conducted a cross-sectional assessment of 4,028 ACHD patients recruited from 24 ACHD-specialized centers in 15 countries across 5 continents to examine the association between physical activity and PHS in a large international cohort of ACHD patients. A linear analog scale of the EuroQol-5D 3 level version and the 12-item Short Form Health Survey-version 2 were used to assess self-reported health status and the Health-Behavior Scale-Congenital Heart Disease was used as a subjective measurement of physical activity type, participation, and level. Correlation analyses and Wilcoxon Rank Sum tests examined bivariate relations between sample characteristics and PHS scores. Then, multivariable models were constructed to understand the impact of physical activity on PHS. Only 30% of our sample achieved recommended physical activity levels. Physically active patients reported better PHS than sedentary patients; however, the amount of physical activity was not associated with PHS. Further statistical analyses demonstrated that specifically sport participation regardless of physical activity level was a predictor of PHS. In conclusion, the majority of ACHD patients across the world are physically inactive. Sport participation appears to be the primary physical activity-related driver of PHS. By promoting sport-related exercise ACHD specialists thus may improve PHS in ACHD patients. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 122, no 8, p. 1437-1442
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154078DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.06.056ISI: 000450698500020PubMedID: 30139525OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154078DiVA, id: diva2:1270226
Funder
Swedish Heart Lung Foundation, 20130607Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, Bengt

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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