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LMO7 and LIMCH1 interact with LRIG proteins in lung cancer, with prognostic implications for early-stage disease
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9342-7625
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
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2018 (English)In: Lung Cancer, ISSN 0169-5002, E-ISSN 1872-8332, Vol. 125, p. 174-184Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The human leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains (LRIG) protein family comprises the integral membrane proteins LRIG1, LRIG2 and LRIG3. LRIG1 is frequently down-regulated in human cancer, and high levels of LRIG1 in tumor tissue are associated with favorable clinical outcomes in several tumor types including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Mechanistically, LRIG1 negatively regulates receptor tyrosine kinases and functions as a tumor suppressor. However, the details of the molecular mechanisms involved are poorly understood, and even less is known about the functions of LRIG2 and LRIG3. The aim of this study was to further elucidate the functions and molecular interactions of the LRIG proteins.

Materials and methods: A yeast two-hybrid screen was performed using a cytosolic LRIG3 peptide as bait. In transfected human cells, co-immunoprecipitation and co-localization experiments were performed. Proximity ligation assay was performed to investigate interactions between endogenously expressed proteins. Expression levels of LMO7 and LIMCH1 in normal and malignant lung tissue were investigated using qRT-PCR and through in silico analyses of public data sets. Finally, a clinical cohort comprising 355 surgically treated NSCLC cases was immunostained for LMO7.

Results: In the yeast two-hybrid screen, the two paralogous proteins LMO7 and LIMCH1 were identified as interaction partners to LRIG3. LMO7 and LIMCH1 co-localized and co-immunoprecipitated with both LRIG1 and LRIG3. Endogenously expressed LMO7 was in close proximity of both LRIG1 and LRIG3. LMO7 and LIMCH1 were highly expressed in normal lung tissue and down-regulated in malignant lung tissue. LMO7 immunoreactivity was shown to be a negative prognostic factor in LRIG1 positive tumors, predicting poor patient survival.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that LMO7 and LIMCH1 physically interact with LRIG proteins and that expression of LMO7 is of clinical importance in NSCLC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 125, p. 174-184
Keywords [en]
Non-small cell lung cancer, Lung cancer, Prognosis, LRIG1, LRIG3, LMO7, LIMCH1
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154070DOI: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2018.09.017ISI: 000450378500025PubMedID: 30429017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154070DiVA, id: diva2:1270281
Funder
Swedish Cancer SocietyThe Kempe FoundationsVästerbotten County CouncilAvailable from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Karlsson, TereseKvarnbrink, SamuelHolmlund, CamillaHenriksson, RogerJohansson, MikaelHedman, Håkan

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