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National injury prevention measures in team sports should focus on knee, head, and severe upper limb injuries
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Clinical Physiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4578-1122
2019 (English)In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, ISSN 0942-2056, E-ISSN 1433-7347, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 1000-1008Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To examine acute injuries in licensed floorball, football, handball, and ice hockey players in all ages nationwide in Sweden, and to identify the most common and severe injuries in each body location and recommend injury prevention measures.

Methods: Using national sport insurance data from years 2006–2015 was the incidence and proportion of acute injuries, and injuries leading to permanent medical impairment (PMI), calculated in the four team sports. The most common injury type and injured body part was identified, with a particular focus of the severe injuries. Comparison between sexes was made.

Results: In total, there were 92,162 registered injuries in all sports together. Knee injuries were most common, and also had the highest incidence of PMI, in all ball sports and in female ice hockey players. In male ice hockey, the most common injury was a dental and face injury, and PMI injuries were mostly in the shoulder. The most severe PMI injuries were rare and most often a face/eye injury in male floorball and ice hockey, a concussion in female ice hockey, and a knee injury in female floorball, and in both sexes in football and handball.

Conclusions: To achieve the greatest impact in reducing the adverse effects of acute sport injuries nationwide in Sweden, preventive measures should focus on knee injuries in all the investigated team sports. The severe head/face and upper limb injuries also need attention. Protective equipment, neuromuscular training programs, rules enforcements, and fair-play interventions may reduce the incidence of injuries

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019. Vol. 27, no 3, p. 1000-1008
Keywords [en]
Sport, Accidents, Prevention, Nationwide, Medical impairment, Severe injuries, Insurance, Football, Handball, Soccer, Floorball, Ice hockey
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Sports Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154452DOI: 10.1007/s00167-018-5225-7ISI: 000461251400042PubMedID: 30413861Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85056331973OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154452DiVA, id: diva2:1271911
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in SportsAvailable from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved

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Larsén, Karin

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