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A prelude to the dual provider family: the changing role of female labor force participation and occupational field on fertility outcomes during the baby boom in Sweden 1900–60
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Enheten för demografi och åldrandeforskning (CEDAR). Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA), Stockholm University, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7559-2571
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0180-5762
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 149-173Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

By investigating changes in the association between women’s socioeconomic status, labor market activity and fertility outcomes during the Swedish baby boom 1900–60 this study reaches three main conclusions. First, the results show that a convergence of fertility behavior occurred across female socioeconomic strata during the peak baby boom period in the 1940s and 1950s in terms of a strong two child norm. Second, the negative socio-economic gradient of fertility found in Sweden before the baby boom declined sharply among women who came of age during the 1940s and 1950s, as white-collar women increased their fertility more than all the other strata. Third, this was especially the case for women engaged in the so called ‘caring professions’ that exhibit the largest changes in behavior. The pattern found in contemporary Western contexts where women in healthcare and education have a substantially higher fertility was thus formed in Sweden already during the 1940s and 1950s. The empirical finding fit with the interpretation that middle-class women employed in the public sector experienced stronger reductions in constraints to family formation compared to women employed in the private sector. We propose that the pronatalist polices implemented in the 1930s and 1940s, especially the extensive improvements in employment protection implemented for women who got married or became pregnant in the late 1930s in Sweden, is one important factor to consider when we try to understand why especially women employed in the public sector in education and healthcare increased their fertility more than other groups.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2019. Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 149-173
Nyckelord [en]
Fertility, baby boom, female labor force participation, caring professions, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
historisk demografi; historia; historia med utbildningsvetenskaplig inriktning
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154625DOI: 10.1080/1081602X.2018.1556721ISI: 000462901600007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154625DiVA, id: diva2:1273204
Tillgänglig från: 2018-12-20 Skapad: 2018-12-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Sandström, GlennMarklund, Emil

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