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Health problems during childhood and school achievement: Exploring associations between hospitalization exposures, gender, timing, and compulsory school grades
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6008-2296
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. (Umeå SIMSAM Lab)
2018 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 12, p. 1-14, article id e0208116Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS:

To investigate while accounting for health at birth 1) associations between health problems during childhood, measured as hospitalizations, and school achievement in the final year of compulsory school, measured as overall grade points and eligibility for upper secondary education, 2) if and how gender moderates the association between health problems and school achievement, 3) if and how the timing of a health problem during childhood is associated with later school achievement.

METHODS:

Analyzes were performed on a population-based cohort (n = 115 196) born in 1990 in Sweden (51.3% boys, 48.7% girls) using data from several national registries. Multiple linear regression and logistic regression were used to analyze associations between study variables.

RESULTS:

Overall grade points and eligibility for continuation to upper secondary school were lower for individuals exposed to hospitalizations. Only the association between hospitalizations and overall grade points was moderated by gender and only for ages 13-16 years. Exposure close to actual grading had worst outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Health problems, measured through hospitalizations, was significantly associated with lower school achievements among Swedish children. Girls exposed to health problems requiring hospitalizations had relatively poorer school achievements as compared to boys. Health problems requiring hospitalization during junior high school had the greatest negative association with final achievement at compulsory school.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science , 2018. Vol. 13, no 12, p. 1-14, article id e0208116
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-154744DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0208116ISI: 000452212400079PubMedID: 30517159OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-154744DiVA, id: diva2:1274320
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1992Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 2014.0154Available from: 2018-12-29 Created: 2018-12-29 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved

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Bortes, CristianStrandh, MattiasNilsson, Karina

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