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Characteristics and Long-Term OS of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Receiving EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Treatment
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1351-5153
2018 (English)In: Journal of Thoracic Oncology, ISSN 1556-0864, E-ISSN 1556-1380, Vol. 13, no 10, p. S419-S419Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are important therapeutic agents in treatment of EGFR mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, long-term follow-up and knowledge of clinical factors and TKI treatment patterns, which may be associated with longer OS, remains unclear. Using nationwide registry data, the aim was to investigate survival, prognostic factors for OS, and first line TKI treatment pattern of stage IIIB/IV NSCLC patients in Sweden.

Method: In this cohort study, data on all patients diagnosed with stage IIIB-IV NSCLC during 2010—2015 from the nationwide Cancer Registry of Sweden were linked with data on dispensed EGFR-TKI drugs, comorbidity, and mortality data from Swedish national health registries. OS was defined as the interval from date of diagnosis until date of death. Survival rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Assessment of predictive factors for OS was performed in multivariable Cox regression.

Result: Of 9,992 stage IIIB/IV NSCLC patients (mean age 70 years, female 49%), 1419 (14%) received first-line TKI treatment. Overall, 59% of TKI treated patients (median age 68 years) were female, 44% had at least one comorbidity, 85% had adenocarcinoma, and 89% were stage IV. Median follow-up time was 15 months and median OS was 16 months; 1- and 3-years survival rates were 62% and 15%, respectively. Predictors of longer OS were younger age at diagnosis, adenocarcinoma, less advanced clinical stage, and less comorbid disease. Furthermore, patients included in the end of the period had a longer OS compared to earlier. TKI treatment switching/re-challenging, as well as prolonged TKI treatment, also predicted longer OS.

Conclusion: This is the first nationwide study on NSCLC patients receiving first-line EGFR TKIs in routine clinical practice in Sweden. In addition to the reported prolonged TKI treatment length and TKI switching/re-challenging during the observation period, improvements and extension of EGFR testing targeting the appropriate NSCLC patient population may further have contributed to the observed relatively long overall survival.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 13, no 10, p. S419-S419
Keywords [en]
non small cell lung cancer, survival, Tyrosine kinase inhibitors
National Category
Cancer and Oncology Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155248DOI: 10.1016/j.jtho.2018.08.468ISI: 000454014501105OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-155248DiVA, id: diva2:1278323
Note

Supplement: S

Meeting Abstract: MA18.05

Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved

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Bergqvist, Michael

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