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Examining Facebook Use, Self-compassion and its Interactions With Subjective Well-being
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The use of social network services (SNS) has exponentially grown especially among younger generations. Facebook (FB) use today constitutes a part of many university students’ everyday life. At the same time, research interest for self-compassion has grown tremendously. High self-compassion is associated with high subjective well-being (SWB), while high FB use has shown association with lower SWB. The effect of interaction between FB use and self-compassion in predicting SWB has thus far not been tested. This study examined if FB use correlated with SWB, if self-compassion correlated with SWB, and if the level of self-compassion had a moderating effect between FB use and SWB. A survey containing measures of frequency and duration of FB use, Self-Compassion Scale - Short Form, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, and Satisfaction With Life Scale was administered to Swedish university students (N = 231, M age = 24.84, SD = 5.9). A hierarchal regression analysis was used to test if FB use and self-compassion interacted to predict SWB. The regression analysis showed that only self-compassion significantly predicted SWB. This study suggests that frequency and duration of FB use might not be enough to predict SWB. Future research could benefit from mapping more precisely what kind of FB use is beneficial or non-beneficial for user well-being. Also, future research could benefit from considering type of FB use in interaction with the level of self-compassion in predicting SWB.

Abstract [sv]

Användandet av sociala medier (SNS) har växt kraftigt bland yngre generationer. Facebook (FB) användande utgör idag en del av många universitetsstudenters vardagliga liv. Samtidigt har forskningsintresset kring self-compassion vuxit. Hög self-compassion är associerat med högt subjektivt välbefinnande (SWB) medan högt FB-användande har visat associationer med lägre SWB. Effekten av interaktion mellan FB-användande och self-compassion för att predicera SWB har ej tidigare studerats. Denna studie undersökte korrelation mellan FB-användande och SWB, korrelation mellan self-compassion och SWB, samt om self-compassion hade en modererande effekt mellan FB-användande och SWB. En enkät innehållande mätning av frekvens och duration av FB-användande, Self-Compassion Scale - Short Form, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule och Satisfaction With Life Scale administrerades till svenska universitetsstudenter (N = 231, M age = 24.84, SD = 5.9). Hierarkisk regressionsanalys användes för att undersöka om interaktion mellan FB-användande och self-compassion kunde predicera SWB. Regressionsanalysen visade att endast self-compassion signifikant kunde predicera SWB. Resultatet föreslår att frekvens och duration av FB-användande möjligtvis inte är tillräckligt för att predicera SWB. Framtida studier kan med fördel mer utförligt undersöka vilken typ av FB-användande som har fördelaktig eller icke-fördelaktig effekt på SWB, samt ta hänsyn till typ av FB-användande och nivå av self-compassion i interaktion för att predicera SWB.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Social network services, Facebook, subjective well-being, self-compassion
Keywords [sv]
sociala medier, Facebook, subjektivt välbefinnande, självmedlidande
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-155370DiVA, id: diva2:1278453
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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