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12-stegsprogrammets frön i gemenskapens trädgård: En kvalitativ studie om programmets avgörande komponenter för behandling av alkohol- och drogmissbruk
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This candidate's essay initially describes addiction problems in Sweden. The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare proposes methods to handle the problem. Standalone self-help groups such as Anonymous Alcoholics and Narcotics Anonymous (u.å.c; 2018) provide the 12-step program as an alternative to government recommendations. This essay aims to study this alternative method using a qualitative and inductive approach in order to interpret determinants which benefits the program as well as formulate a theory that can understand the process. The authors researched the 12-step program’s history and describes the actual places which were observed as well as their pre-understanding of the program. In accordance with studies on human life situations ethical principles have been reported and used recurrently. To increase understanding of the phenomenon, previous studies on the program has been researched; knowledge bases regarding classifications; psychological; sociological approaches and qualitative methods. Thereafter, an explanation of the usage of relevant concepts in the work. Data collection is done exclusively with micro-ethnographic methods, respondents who volunteered have experienced the 12-step program of one of the two selected self-help groups. Furthermore, Grounded theory and Narrative analysis was used to interpret collected data, a detailed description was constructed in order to enhance the study’s transferability. Generated codes resulted in a conceptualization of a triangular effect between the concepts of motivation; spirituality and the group. Trinity was analyzed and two additional determinants, receptiveness and structure, were formulated. This study concludes that introduction of the 12-step program is defined by an initial personal receptiveness and an adequate structure, these phenomena interact recurrently when the individual meets the other determinants of the program. Which are described as an internal process of reflection (spirituality); external physical action (motivation) and collective social development (the group). Together, the five determinants constitute the success of the 12-step program which the authors try to verify theoretically by problematizing the content.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 46
Keywords [en]
Grounded Theory, Alcoholics Anonymous, Function
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155424OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-155424DiVA, id: diva2:1279023
External cooperation
Educational program
Study Programme for Social Work
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Available from: 2019-01-31 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-01-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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