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Compassion, kamratrelationer och depression: - en tvärsnittsstudie på gymnasieungdomar
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I studien undersöks begreppet compassion och dess samband med upplevd kvalitet i

kamratrelationer samt hur dessa kan predicera depressionssymtom hos gymnasieungdomar.

Compassion, att lida med sig själv och andra samt att agera på detta, är en viktig faktor för att

minska psykisk ohälsa. Data från gymnasieungdomar (N = 209, 15 – 18 år) samlades in genom

självskattningsinstrumenten: Compassion Engagement and Action Scale- Youth (CEAS-Y),

Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS), Peer Relations

(Kamratrelationer), Becks depressionsindex (BUS-D) och Revised Children’s Anxiety and

Depression Scale (RCADS). Insamlingen av data skedde elektroniskt via Textalk Websurvey.

Den statistiska analysen presenteras i form av Pearson’s korrelationskoefficient (r) och 2

multipla linjära regressioner. Resultatet visar att de tre olika delskalorna i CEAS-Y;

Compassion för sig själv, Compassion för andra och Compassion från andra korrelerar positivt

och signifikant med varandra. Effekten på korrelationerna, svag-medelstark, indikerar att

skalorna är relaterade, men ändå mäter olika aspekter av begreppet compassion.

Kamratrelationer korrelerar positivt signifikant med alla delskalorna i CEAS-Y. Resultatet

visar att Compassion för sig själv och Kamratrelationer kan förklara variationen i

depressionssymtom skattade med RCADS statistiskt signifikant, medan samma variabler

tillsammans med Compassion för andra kan förklara depressionssymtom skattade med BUSD.

Det är troligt att det finns en växelverkan mellan kamratrelationer och compassion där

variablerna övas och utvecklas tillsammans. Studien konstaterar att kamratrelationer och

compassion är viktiga skyddande faktorer vid depressiva symtom hos gymnasieungdomar.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to examine the concept of compassion and its correlation with perceived

quality of peer relations and how these two variables can predict depression among youths (N

= 209, 15 - 18 year). Compassion - a sensitivity to suffering in self and others with a

commitment to act on it - is an important factor to sustain mental health. 4 self-report measures

were utilized: Compassion Engagement and Action Scale- Youth (CEAS-Y), Patient Reported

Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Peer Relations, Becks Youth

Inventory-Depression (BUS-D) and Revised Children’s Anxiety and Depression Scale

(RCADS). Data was gathered electronically through Textalk Websurvey. To statistically

analyze data, Pearson correlation coefficient (r) and multiple linear regression was used.

Results states that the 3 subscales in CEAS-Y; Compassion for self, Compassion from others

and Compassion for others, correlates significantly with a weak to moderate effect, which

indicates that the scales measure different aspects of the concept compassion. Compassion for

self and Peer relations predicted the variance in symptoms of depression measured with

RCADS statistic significant, while the same variables together with Compassion for others

predicted the variance in symptoms of depression measured by BUS-D statistic significant. To

find out more about the direction of this correlations further research is needed. It is likely that

there is a reciprocity between peer relations and compassion where compassion skills are

trained in interpersonal relations and vice versa. Finally, this study imply that peer relations

and compassion are important factors to prevent depression within youths.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 15
Keywords [sv]
Compassion, Kamratrelationer, Depression, Gymnasieungdomar, CEAS-Y
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155468OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-155468DiVA, id: diva2:1279781
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-23 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-01-23Bibliographically approved

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