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Interaktionen mellan nyfikenhet och yttre motivation
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Nyfikenhet är inneboende strävan mot inhämtande av ny information. Länge har det ansetts vedertaget att yttre motivation hämmar nyfikenhet, men på senare år har det framkommit forskning som indikerar ett delvis annorlunda förhållande. För att undersöka interaktionen mellan nyfikenhet och yttre motivation konstruerades ett bildbaserat inlärningsexperiment i vilket deltagarna belönades respektive bestraffades för att inhämta information som stillade deras nyfikenhet. I experimentets första del skattade deltagarna sin nyfikenhet på mosaikmaskerade bilder. I experimentets andra del presenterades de skattade mosaikbilderna med en konstant bild. De 24 deltagarnas uppgift var att välja en av de två bilderna i varje spelomgång. Bilden deltagarna valde demaskerades efter olika väntetider. Väntetiden var antingen dragen från en lång eller kort väntetidsfördelning och avhängig om bilden var ny eller återkommande. Huruvida det var den nya eller återkommande bilden som hade kort respektive lång medelväntetid varierade mellan de två inomgrupps-betingelserna. Deltagarna antogs vara yttre motiverade att minimera väntetiden genom att lära sig och sedan föredra den bildkategori med kortast genomsnittlig väntetid. Deltagarna antogs dessutom vara nyfikna att se bilder demaskerade. I ena betingelsen sammanföll deltagarnas yttre motivation och nyfikenhet, i andra betingelsen var deltagarnas yttre motivation och nyfikenhet i konflikt. I en tredje kontrollbetingelse var nyfikenhetsdimensionen eliminerad för att mäta inlärning av väntetid. Experimentet visade att det krävdes fler spelomgångar för att lära sig väntetiden i kontrollbetingelsen jämfört med betingelsen där nya bilder också hade kortare medelväntetid. Betingelsen där nya bilder var förknippade med längre medelväntetid delade deltagarna i två grupper. Deltagare i den ena gruppen valde sällan nya bilder (proportionsmått: 0.75 – 1.0) medan deltagare i den andra gruppen valde nya bilder i hög utsträckning (proportionsmått: 0.0077 – 0.069). Dessa grupper utmärks också på personlighetsdrag kopplade till nyfikenhet. Sammantaget ger studien stöd för att nyfikenhet och yttre motivation kan integreras och att personlighetsdrag är relaterade till värderingen av information. 

Abstract [en]

Curiosity is an intrinsic aspiration to obtain new information. It has been considered that external motivation inhibits curiosity, but over the last years new research has indicated a partially different relationship. To investigate the interaction between curiosity and external motivation a picture-based learning experiment was constructed, in which the participants were rewarded, alternatively punished for obtaining new information which pleased their curiosity. In the first part of the experiment, the participants scored their curiosity of mosaic-covered pictures. In the second part of the of the experiment, the scored mosaic-covered pictures were consequently presented next to a constant picture. The task for the 24 participants was then to choose one of the pictures in each round. The chosen mosaic-covered picture would then show according to a certain waiting time - either short or long - depending on if it was new or recurring. Whether the new or recurring picture had a short or long average waiting time varied between the two in-group conditions. It was hypothesized that the participants would be externally motivated to minimize the waiting time by learning and favouring the category of pictures with the shortest waiting time. In addition, it was hypothesized that the participants would be curious of the mosaic-covered pictures. In one of the conditions, the participants external motivation coincided with their curiosity, in the other condition the external motivation was in conflict with their curiosity. In a third controlling condition, the dimension of curiosity was eliminated to measure the learning of the waiting time. The experiment showed that more rounds are needed to learn the waiting time in the controlling conditions compared to when the new pictures also had a shorter average waiting time. When new pictures were associated with a longer average waiting time, it divided the participants into two groups. In one group the participant rarely chose new pictures (proportion: 0.75 – 1.0) while the participants in the other group to a large extent chose new pictures (proportion: 0.0077 – 0.069). These differences were also shown in the participants personal traits connected to curiosity. All together, the study supports the idea that curiosity and external motivation can be integrated and that personal traits are related to the evaluation of information. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
curiosity extrinsic motivation, punishment, reward, two armed bandit
Keywords [sv]
nyfikenhet, yttre motivation, belöning, bestraffning, tvåarmad bandit
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155501OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-155501DiVA, id: diva2:1280449
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-25 Created: 2019-01-18 Last updated: 2019-01-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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