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En kvalitativ litteraturstudie av sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av stress inom vården
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurse's experince of stress in health care: a literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Abstrakt

Bakgrund: Stressrelaterad ohälsa bland sjuksköterskor har lett till ökat antal sjukskrivningar, vilket resulterar i stora samhällskostnader. Arbetsrelaterad stress bidrar till att patientsäkerheten och vårdkvaliteten påverkas negativt. På grund av konsekvenserna av den arbetsrelaterade stressen, överväger nyutbildade såväl som erfarna sjuksköterskor att lämna professionen.  

 

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av arbetsrelaterad stress.

Metod/design: En kvalitativ litteraturöversikt. En databassökning genomfördes i PubMed, PsycINFO och Cinahl. Detta resulterade i åtta artiklar vilka analyserades med inspiration av kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

 

Resultat: Åtta subkategorier och tre kategorier presenterades. Dessa visade på att underbemanning, tidspress, maktlöshet och bristande relationer och stöd får konsekvenser för patientsäkerheten, sjuksköterskornas egen hälsa och sjuksköterskornas privatliv.

 

Slutsats: Stor del av stressorerna berodde på organisationens uppbyggnad och struktur. Genom att förbättra sjuksköterskornas arbetsvillkor och arbetsmiljö kan  patientsäkerheten säkras samt att sjuksköterskeyrket kan bli ett mer attraktivt yrkesval. Detta skulle kunna motverka den sjuksköterskebrist som idag är ett globalt problem.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background: Stress-related health problems among nurses resulted in an increased number of sick leaves which resulted in large societal costs. Work-related stress have a negative impact on the patient safety and the quality of care. Because of the consequenses from the work-related stress, both newly qualified and experienced nurses considered leaving the profession.

 

Aim: The aime was to describe nurses’ experiences of work-related stress.

 

Method/design: A qualitative literature review. A database search was conducted using PubMed, PsycINFO and Cinahl. This resulted in eight articles which were analysed with inspiration from qualitative content analysis.

 

Result: Eight subcategories and three categories were presented. These showed that understaffing, time pressure, powerlessness, poor relationships and lack of support had a negative impact on patient safety, nurses’ health, and the nurses’ private life.

 

Conclusion: Most of the stressors are caused by the structure of the organisation. By improving nurses’ working conditions and work environment, patient safety can be secured and the nursing profession can become a more attractive choice of career. Which thereby could counteract the shortage of nurses that today is a global issue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 45
Keywords [en]
Nurse, Work-related stress, Health, Quality of Care, Patient Safety
Keywords [sv]
Sjuksköterska, Arbetsrelaterad stress, Hälsa, Vårdkvalitet, Patientsäkerhet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156569OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-156569DiVA, id: diva2:1290145
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-21 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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