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Erfarenheter av stigmatisering vid deltagande i metadonbehandling
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experience of stigmatization when participating in methadone treatment (English)
Abstract [sv]

Abstrakt

Bakgrund: Ur ett globalt perspektiv bedöms cirka 30 miljoner människor kunna behöva behandling för sitt narkotikamissbruk. Opioidberoende kan läkemedelsbehandlas med metadon, men såväl behandling som missbruk kan vara förenat med stigmatisering. Ett medvetandegörande hos sjuksköterskan kring problematiken skulle kunna leda till bättre vård.

Syfte: Denna studie syftar till att återge de erfarenheter av stigmatisering som personer med substansmissbruk under metadonbehandling har.

Metod: Åtta kvalitativa artiklar har granskats, analyserats och sammanställts i en litteraturstudie.

Resultat: Det analyserade materialet kunde sorteras i tre huvudkategorier; ”Att uppleva sig betraktad av omgivningen”, ”Att uppleva bristande vård” och ”Att uppleva skamkänslor och dölja missbruket”.

Konklusion: Resultat visar att personer med substansmissbruk som behandlas med metadon beskriver att de upplever sig betraktad som innehavare av felaktiga egenskaper av omgivningen och erhåller bristande vård. De upplever även skam på grund av sitt substansmissbruk och vill dölja substansmissbruket av rädsla för stigmatisering. Sjuksköterskan kan genom att tillämpa personcentrerad vård minska stigmatisering av personer med substansmissbruk som behandlas med metadon.

 

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background: In a global perspective, approximately 30 million people are estimated to be in need of treatment for drug addiction. Opioid addiction can be treated with methadone, but treatment as well as abuse can be associated with stigmatization. A raise of awareness among nurses could result in improved health services.

Aim: This study aims to describe experiences of being stigmatized due to substance use disorder and treatment with methadone.

Method: Eight qualitative articles were examined, analysed and compiled in a literature review.

Results: The analyzed material could be sorted into three categories; "To experience being observed by surroundings", "To experience lack of care” and “To experience feelings of shame and conceal the substance use disorder".

Conclusions: The study shows that people with substance use disorder treated with methadone describe that they perceive themselves as possessors of inaccurate characteristics of the environment and receive inadequate care. They also feel ashamed of their addiction and want to hide the addiction for fear of stigmatization. By practice person-centered care, the nurse may be able to reduce stigmatization of people with substance use disorder treated with methadone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
substance use disorder, methadone, stigmatization, person-centered care, literature study
Keywords [sv]
substansmissbruk, metadon, stigmatisering, personcentrerad vård, litteraturstudie
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-157061DiVA, id: diva2:1294279
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-23 Created: 2019-03-06 Last updated: 2019-05-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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