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REgistry-based randomized controlled trial of treatment and Duration and mortality in long-term OXygen therapy (REDOX) study protocol
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Pulmonary Medicine.
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2019 (English)In: BMC Pulmonary Medicine, ISSN 1471-2466, E-ISSN 1471-2466, Vol. 19, article id 50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) during 15h/day or more prolongs survival in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and severe hypoxemia. No randomized controlled trial has evaluated the net effects (benefits or harms) from LTOT 24h/day compared with 15h/day or the effect in conditions other than COPD. We describe a multicenter, national, phase IV, non-superiority, registry-based, randomized controlled trial (R-RCT) of LTOT prescribed 24h/day compared with 15h/day. The primary endpoint is all-cause-mortality at 1year. Secondary endpoints include cause-specific mortality, hospitalizations, health-related quality of life, symptoms, and outcomes in interstitial lung disease. Methods/design: Patients qualifying for LTOT are randomized to LTOT 24h/day versus 15h/day during 12months using the Swedish Register for Respiratory Failure (Swedevox). Planned sample size in this pragmatic study is 2126 randomized patients. Clinical follow-up and concurrent treatments are according to routine clinical practice. Mortality, hospitalizations, and incident diseases are assessed using national Swedish registries with expected complete follow-up. Patient-reported outcomes are assessed using postal questionnaire at 3 and 12months. Discussion: The R-RCT approach combines the advantages of a prospective randomized trial and large clinical national registries for enrollment, allocation, and data collection, with the aim of improving the evidence-based use of LTOT. Trial registration: Clinical Trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov, Title: REgistry-based Treatment Duration and Mortality in Long-term OXygen Therapy (REDOX); ID: NCT03441204.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMC , 2019. Vol. 19, article id 50
Keywords [en]
Register-based randomized controlled trial, Hypoxaemia, Long-term oxygen therapy, Oxygen ration, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Interstitial lung disease, Mortality, Hospitalizations, alth-related quality of life, Symptoms
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157586DOI: 10.1186/s12890-019-0809-7ISI: 000459873800001PubMedID: 30808321OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-157586DiVA, id: diva2:1300750
Available from: 2019-03-29 Created: 2019-03-29 Last updated: 2019-03-29Bibliographically approved

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Blomberg, Anders

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