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The Latitudinal Diversity Gradient: Novel Understanding through Mechanistic Eco-evolutionary
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2019 (English)In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution, ISSN 0169-5347, E-ISSN 1872-8383, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 211-223Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is one of the most widely studied patterns in ecology, yet no consensus has been reached about its underlying causes. We argue that the reasons for this are the verbal nature of existing hypotheses, the failure to mechanistically link interacting ecological and evolutionary processes to the LDG, and the fact that empirical patterns are often consistent with multiple explanations. To address this issue, we synthesize current LDG hypotheses, uncovering their eco-evolutionary mechanisms, hidden assumptions, and commonalities. Furthermore, we propose mechanistic eco-evolutionary modeling and an inferential approach that makes use of geographic, phylogenetic, and trait-based patterns to assess the relative importance of different processes for generating the LDG.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 34, no 3, p. 211-223
Keywords [en]
diversity patterns, mechanistic modeling, ecology, evolution, biogeography, macroecology
National Category
Evolutionary Biology Environmental Sciences Genetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157579DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2018.11.009ISI: 000459899000011PubMedID: 30591209OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-157579DiVA, id: diva2:1301353
Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-04-01Bibliographically approved

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Jansson, Roland

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