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Body mass index is associated with risk of reoperation and revision after primary total hip arthroplasty: a study of the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register including 83,146 patients
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.
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2019 (English)In: Acta Orthopaedica, ISSN 1745-3674, E-ISSN 1745-3682, Vol. 90, no 3, p. 220-225Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and purpose: The prevalence of obesity is on the rise, becoming a worldwide epidemic. The main purpose of this register-based observational study was to investigate whether different BMI classes are associated with increased risk of reoperation within 2 years, risk of revision within 5 years, and the risk of dying within 90 days after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). We hypothesized that increasing BMI would increase these risks.

Patients and methods: We analyzed a cohort of 83,146 patients who had undergone an elective THA for primary osteoarthritis between 2008 and 2015 from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR). BMI was classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) into 6 classes: < 18.5 as underweight, 18.5-24.9 as normal weight, 25-29.9 as overweight, 30-34.9 as class I obesity, 35-39.9 as class II obesity, and ≥ 40 as class III obesity.

Results: Both unadjusted and adjusted parameter estimates showed increasing risk of reoperation at 2 years and revision at 5 years with each overweight and obesity class, mainly due to increased risk of infection. Uncemented and reversed hybrid fixations and surgical approaches other than the posterior were all associated with increased risk. Obesity class III (≥ 40), male sex, and increasing ASA class were associated with increased 90-day mortality.

Interpretation: Increasing BMI was associated with 2-year reoperation and 5-year revision risks after primary THA where obese patients have a higher risk than overweight or normal weight patients. As infection seems to be the main cause, customizing preoperative optimization and prophylactic measures for obese patients may help reduce risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2019. Vol. 90, no 3, p. 220-225
National Category
Orthopaedics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157811DOI: 10.1080/17453674.2019.1594015ISI: 000464635000001PubMedID: 30931664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-157811DiVA, id: diva2:1301806
Available from: 2019-04-03 Created: 2019-04-03 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Sayed-Noor, ArkanMukka, Sebastian

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