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Exploring gender stereotypes about interpersonal behavior andpersonality factors using digital matched-guise techniques
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (RAVE)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7336-1657
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. (RAVE)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6828-3009
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (RAVE)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4411-3803
School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (RAVE)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4429-5720
2019 (English)In: Social behavior and personality, ISSN 0301-2212, E-ISSN 1179-6391, Vol. 47, no 8, article id e8150Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

The current study explores gender stereotypes among Swedish university students (n=101) studying a course in psychology, using a matched-guise experimental design. The gender identity of a speaker in a dialogue, manifested by voice, was digitally manipulated to sound male or female. Responses to the recordings indicated that an actor with a male voice was rated significantly less conscientious, agreeable, extraverted, and open to experience than the same actor with a female voice. On social behavior, there was a tendency for the actor with a male voice to be rated as more hostile than the same actor with a female voice. The study suggests that stereotype effects rather than real behavioral differences may have an impact on perceived gender differences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Journal Publishers Limited , 2019. Vol. 47, no 8, article id e8150
Keywords [en]
Stereotypes, Gender differences, Interpersonal understanding, Personality, Education, Expectancies
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology; Pathology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-157914DOI: 10.2224/sbp.8150OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-157914DiVA, id: diva2:1302939
Conference
Dennhag, I., Hakelind, C., Steinvall, A., & Deutschmann, M (2017). When research and teaching meet: Experience-based activities for raising awareness about gender stereotypes. Gender conference 12 april. Umeå Universitet.
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2019-04-08 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2019-08-07

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Dennhag, IngaSteinvall, AndersHakelind, CamillaDeutschmann, Mats

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Dennhag, IngaSteinvall, AndersHakelind, CamillaDeutschmann, Mats
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Child and Adolescent PsychiatryDepartment of language studiesDepartment of Psychology
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Social behavior and personality
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