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Cross-sectional associations of physical activity and gross motor proficiency with adiposity in South African children of pre-school age
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2019 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 614-623Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between physical activity, gross motor skills and adiposity in South African children of pm-school age.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: High-income urban, and low-income urban and rural settings in South Africa.

Participants: Children (3-6 years old, n 268) were recruited from urban high-income (n 46), urban low-income (n 91) and rural low-income (n 122) settings. Height and weight were measured to calculate the main outcome variables: BMI and BMI-for-age Z-score (BAZ). Height-for-age and weight-for-age Z-scores were also calculated. Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometers were used to objectively measure physical activity; the Test of Gross Motor Development (Version 2) was used to assess gross motor skills.

Results: More children were overweight/obese and had a higher BAZ from urban low-income settings compared with urban high-income settings and rural low-income settings. Being less physically active was associated with thinness, but not overweight/obesity. Time spent in physical activity at moderate and vigorous intensities was positively associated with BMI and BAZ. Gross motor proficiency was not associated with adiposity in this sample.

Conclusions: The findings of this research highlight the need for obesity prevention particularly in urban low-income settings, as well as the need to take into consideration the complexity of the relationship between adiposity, physical activity and gross motor skills in South African pre-school children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2019. Vol. 22, no 4, p. 614-623
Keywords [en]
Adiposity, Physical activity, Gross motor skills, Early childhood
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158109DOI: 10.1017/S1368980018003579ISI: 000462677500004PubMedID: 30585555OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-158109DiVA, id: diva2:1304497
Available from: 2019-04-12 Created: 2019-04-12 Last updated: 2019-04-12Bibliographically approved

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Kahn, Kathleen

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  • apa
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