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Evaluation of an intervention supporting breastfeeding among late-preterm infants during in-hospital stay
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2019 (English)In: Women and Birth, ISSN 1871-5192, E-ISSN 1878-1799Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Late-preterm infants show lower breastfeeding rates when compared with term infants. Current practice is to keep them in low-risk wards where clinical guidelines to support breastfeeding are well established for term infants but can be insufficient for late-preterm.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate an intervention supporting breastfeeding among late-preterm infants in a maternity service in the Basque Country, Spain.

METHODS: The intervention was designed to promote parents' education and involvement, provide a multidisciplinary approach and decision-making, and avoid separation of the mother-infant dyad. A quasi-experimental study was conducted with a control (n=212) and an intervention group (n=161). Data was collected from clinical records from November 2012 to January 2015. Feeding rate at discharge, breast-pump use, incidence of morbidities, infant weight loss and hospital stay length were compared between the two groups.

RESULTS: Infants in the control group were 50.7% exclusive breastfeeding, 37.8% breastfeeding, and, 11.5% formula feeding at discharge, whereas in the intervention group, frequencies were 68.4%, 25.9%, and 5.7%, respectively (p=0.002). Mothers in the intervention group were 2.66 times more likely to use the breast-pump after almost all or all feeds and 2.09 times more likely to exclusively breastfeed at discharge. There were no significant differences in morbidities and infant weight loss between groups. Hospital stay was longer for infants who required phototherapy in the intervention group (p=0.009).

CONCLUSION: The intervention resulted in a higher breastfeeding rate at discharge. Interventions aimed to provide specific support among late-pretem infants in maternity services are effective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Breast feeding, Hospital stay, Late preterm infant, Nursing care, Quasi experimental
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158190DOI: 10.1016/j.wombi.2018.11.003PubMedID: 30527733OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-158190DiVA, id: diva2:1305289
Available from: 2019-04-16 Created: 2019-04-16 Last updated: 2019-04-24

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San Sebastian, Miguel

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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More languages
Output format
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