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Income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in northern Sweden: a decomposition analysis
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7134-8256
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7234-3510
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

AIMS: Increasing income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity have been reported in the relatively socially equal setting of northern Sweden. The present report seeks to contribute to the literature by exploring the contribution of different factors to the income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in northern Sweden.

METHODS: This study was based on the 2014 Health on Equal Terms survey, distributed in the four northernmost counties of Sweden. The analytical sample consisted of 21,000 respondents aged 16-84. Six thematic groups of explanatory variables were used: demographic variables, socioeconomic factors, material resources, family-, psychosocial conditions and functional limitations. Income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity were decomposed by Wagstaff-type decomposition analysis.

RESULTS: Income inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity were found to be explained to a considerable degree by health-related limitations and unfavourable socioeconomic conditions. Material and psychosocial conditions seemed to be of moderate importance, whereas family and demographic characteristics were of minor importance.

CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that in order to achieve an economically equal leisure time physical inactivity, policy may need to target the two main barriers of functional limitations and socioeconomic disadvantages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Decomposition analysis, income, inequalities, leisure time physical inactivity, northern Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158197DOI: 10.1177/1403494818812647PubMedID: 30632908OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-158197DiVA, id: diva2:1305324
Available from: 2019-04-16 Created: 2019-04-16 Last updated: 2019-08-15

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Szilcz, MátéMosquera, PaolaSan Sebastian, MiguelGustafsson, Per E

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Szilcz, MátéMosquera, PaolaSan Sebastian, MiguelGustafsson, Per E
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and EpidemiologyHealth Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy

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