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Läkaren har en nyckelroll i vårdarbetet med levnadsvanor
Högskolan Dalarna, Jakobsgårdarnas akademiska vårdcentral, Borlänge.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
2019 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 116, article id FF4SArticle in journal, Editorial material (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Ohälsosamma levnadsvanor är vanliga i befolkningen. Hälften av alla kvinnor och två tredjedelar av männen har minst en ohälsosam levnadsvana. Tobaksbruk, riskbruk av alkohol, ohälsosamma matvanor eller otillräcklig fysisk aktivitet utgör viktiga riskfaktorer för många av våra stora folksjukdomar som hjärt–kärlsjukdom, cancer och typ 2-diabetes. Tillsammans bidrar dessa levnadsvanor till cirka en femtedel av den samlade sjukdomsbördan i Sverige.

I juni 2018 presenterade Socialstyrelsen »Nationella riktlinjer för prevention och behandling vid ohälsosamma levnadsvanor« [1]. Riktlinjerna omfattar åtgärder för att stödja personer att förändra levnadsvanor i syfte att förbättra hälsa samt förebygga och behandla sjukdom.

Abstract [en]

Updated Swedish National Guidelines on prevention and lifestyle habits: physicians' role

The recently updated Swedish National Guidelines on prevention and lifestyle habits (tobacco use, hazardous use of alcohol, insufficient physical activity and unhealthy eating habits) emphasize the importance of supporting lifestyle changes among risk individuals, such as already affected by disease, carriers of risk factors that increase the risk of disease, and people with social vulnerability. More measures targeting youth are included, as well as measures to avoid smoking and alcohol use prior to surgery. Physicians have a key role in implementation of the new guidelines, as a great majority of patients who attend healthcare and discuss lifestyle habits do so with a physician.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 116, article id FF4S
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158201PubMedID: 30667514Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85060249006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-158201DiVA, id: diva2:1305332
Available from: 2019-04-16 Created: 2019-04-16 Last updated: 2019-04-17Bibliographically approved

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PubMedScopushttp://www.lakartidningen.se/Klinik-och-vetenskap/Kommentar/2019/01/Lakaren-har-en-nyckelroll-i-vardarbetet-med-levnadsvanor/

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Weinehall, Lars

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