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Categorization of tars from fast pyrolysis of pure lignocellulosic compounds at high temperature
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
2019 (English)In: Renewable energy, ISSN 0960-1481, E-ISSN 1879-0682, Vol. 141, p. 751-759Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study presents how the yields of different tar compounds from pure lignocellulosic compounds respond to the change in temperature and residence time. Experiments were carried out with a drop tube furnace in the temperature range from 800 to 1250 °C. The tar composition was characterized by gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector and mass spectrometry using a dual detector system. Longer residence time and higher heat treatment temperatures increased the soot formation and decreased the tar yields. Soot yields from lignin samples were greater than soot yields from holocellulose pyrolysis. The dominating products in tars from pyrolysis of all lignocellulosic compounds were benzene and toluene. Cellulose and hemicellulose pyrolysis produced greater amount of oxygenates in tars, whereas lignin tar was rich in phenols, polycyclic hydrocarbons and naphthalenes. Simultaneous reduction of tar and soot was achieved by impregnation of lignin from wheat straw with alkali metals. The OPLS-DA model can accurately explain the differences in tar composition based on the experimental mass spectrometry data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 141, p. 751-759
Keywords [en]
Fast pyrolysis, Lignocellulosic compounds, Potassium, Tar, Principal component analysis
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158313DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2019.04.033ISI: 000472241100065OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-158313DiVA, id: diva2:1306131
Funder
The Kempe FoundationsBio4EnergyAvailable from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-23 Last updated: 2019-07-25Bibliographically approved

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Souihi, Nabil

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