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Sjuksköterskans copingstrategier för att hantera arbetsrelaterad stress: En litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurse's coping strategies for managing work-related stress : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Stress är vanligt förekommande inom sjuksköterskeyrket. Långvarig stress utan återhämtning kan leda till bland annat utbrändhet. Stress påverkar inte bara sjuksköterskan själv utan kan ha negativa konsekvenser för hela arbetsplatsen. Trots stressen hittar många hanteringsstrategier för att orka arbeta kvar inom vården. Enligt Lazarus och Folkman delas hanteringsstrategier in i två olika grupper, den emotionellfokuserade copingen och den problemfokuserade copingen. 

 

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att undersöka sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att hantera arbetsrelaterad stress.

 

Metod: En litteraturstudie med resultat från nio kvalitativa studier som granskats, analyserats och sammaställts.

 

Resultat: Sjuksköterskorna beskrev många olika sätt att hantera arbetsrelaterad stress, både under arbetstid men också på fritiden. I resultatet framträdde följande tre kategorier: att fokusera på det som ger energi, att söka emotionellt stöd samt att fly från situationen.

 

Konklusion: I denna litteraturstudie framkom det hur sjuksköterskor hanterar arbetsrelaterad stress. Det finns mycket forskning som visar på vad som stressar och hur sjuksköterskor individuellt hanterar det. För att stötta sjuksköterskor behövs vidare forskning på åtgärder som begränsar deras yttre stress.

Abstract [en]

Background: Stress is common in the nursing profession. Prolonged stress without recovery can lead to burnout. Stress not only affects the nurse, it can also have negative consequences for the entire workplace. Despite the stress, many strategies for working in the healthcare sector are found. According to Lazarus and Folkman, coping strategies are divided into two different groups, the emotional focused coping and the problem-focused coping.

 

Aim: The aim of this literature study was to investigate nurses experiences in dealing with work-related stress.

 

Methods: A literature study with results from nine qualitative studies that have been reviewed, analyzed and compiled.

 

Findings: The nurses described many different ways of dealing with work-related stress, both during working hours but also during leisure time. In the result, the following three categories appeared: to focus on what gives energy, to seek emotional support and to escape from the situation.

 

Conclusions: The results in this literature study emerged how nurses handle work-related stress. There is a lot of research that shows what stresses and how nurses handle it individually. In order to support the nurse, further research is needed on measures that can limit their external stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 44
Keywords [en]
Nurses, workrelated stress, copingstrategies, literature study
Keywords [sv]
Sjuksköterskor, arbetsrelaterad stress, hanteringsstrategier, litteraturstudie
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159140OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159140DiVA, id: diva2:1316609
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-16 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-10-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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