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Coach-athlete relationships and motivation in Swedish elite athletes: the moderating role of athlete attachment
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis examined associations between coach-athlete relationship quality (i.e., direct perspective and meta perspective) and athletes’ motivation in the form of satisfaction with basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, competence, and relatedness), and in turn if this association was moderated by athletes’ attachment style. Swedish elite athletes (N = 414, 46.8% males, 53.2% females) with ages ranging from 15 to 60 years (M = 19.11, SD = 4.54), completed a questionnaire measuring their attachment style, their relationship with their coach, and their satisfaction with the three basic psychological needs. Mean level patterns revealed that athletes viewed their coach as an attachment figure. Furthermore, results from structural equation modeling (SEM) showed that high quality coach-athlete relationships predicted higher levels of motivation. SEM analyses also showed secure attachment to moderate the relationship between relationship quality (meta perspective) and competence, but not the relationship between relationship quality and autonomy and relatedness. No significant results were found for the moderating role of insecure attachment (avoidant attachment style and anxious attachment style) on the relationship between relationship quality and motivation. The results support the importance of coach-athlete relationships in sport motivation.

Abstract [sv]

Denna studie undersökte sambandet mellan kvaliteten på relationen (direkt perspektiv och metaperspektiv) mellan tränare och atlet och atletens upplevda motivation i form av tillfredsställelse med grundläggande psykologiska behov (autonomi, kompetens och samhörighet). Vidare undersöktes om sambandet modererades av atleternas anknytningsstil. Svenska elitidrottare (N = 414, 46.8% män, 53.2% kvinnor) med åldrar mellan 15 till 60 år (M = 19.11, SD = 4.54) genomförde en enkät som avsåg att mäta deras anknytningsstil, deras relation till sin tränare, och deras tillfredsställelse med grundläggande psykologiska behov. Genomsnittsvärden visade att atleter såg sin tränare som en anknytningsperson. Vidare visade resultatet från strukturell ekvationsmodellering (SEM) att hög kvalitet på relationen mellan tränare och atlet predicerade högre nivå av motivation. SEM-analys visade också att trygg anknytningsstil modererar sambandet mellan kvalitet på relationen (metaperspektiv) och upplevd kompetens, men inte sambandet mellan kvalitet på relationen och autonomi och samhörighet. Inga signifikanta resultat för otrygg anknytning (undvikande och ambivalent) som moderator hittades på sambandet mellan kvalitet på relationen och motivation. Resultaten styrker vikten av goda relationer mellan tränare och atleter för att skapa motivation i en idrottsmiljö.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
attachment, coach-athlete relationships, sport, motivation
Keywords [sv]
anknytning, relation, tränare, atlet, sport, motivation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159282OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159282DiVA, id: diva2:1317603
Educational program
Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-05-23 Created: 2019-05-23 Last updated: 2019-05-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf