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COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE DURING EXERCISE AMONG ORIENTEERS
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to examine how physical exertion influences cognitive performance.Orienteers (n = 23) competing at primarily a national to international level were recruited toparticipate. A randomised control trial using a cross-over research design required participantsto complete two trials measuring performance over a duration of 35 minutes. Specifically, inone trial participants undertook a cognitive testing protocol divided into five blocks comprisedof three separate cognitive tests that each lasted approximately one minute, between each testparticipants rested for one minute (i.e., one minute testing, followed by one minute resting fora duration of 35 minutes). The other trial required participants to complete the same cognitivetesting protocol whilst simultaneous completing a cycling time trial (i.e., aiming to cycle amaximum distance within the time of 35 minutes). Analyses revealed participants performedsignificantly worse on the cognitive tests whilst simultaneously completing the cycling timetrial. Upon closer scrutiny of the individual tests, designed to measure the cognitive functionsof decision-making, working memory, and updating, a similar trend in performance wasobserved although it was not found to be statistically significant. The findings of the presentstudy highlights implications for athletes, coaches, and sports psychologists in attempts tooptimise sport performance and minimize cognitive impairments during physical exertion. Thestudy supports the need for greater ecological validity in the investigation of cognitiveperformance in sport science research. The findings of the present study indicate that appliedsport psychology research may be enhanced by the use of research designs comprised ofcognitive tests that more closely replicate the cognitive demands of competition settings.

Abstract [sv]

Denna studie syftade till att undersöka hur fysisk ansträngning påverkar kognitivprestation. Urvalet bestod av orienterare tävlandes på huvudsakligen nationell tillinternationell nivå (n = 23). Studien var en randomiserad korsstudie där deltagarna genomfördekognitiva tester vid två försökstillfällen på 35 minuter vardera. Under det ena försökstillfälletgenomförde deltagarna ett kognitivt testprotokoll, indelat i fem block innehållande tre testervardera, där varje test varade i ungefär en minut, följt av en minuts vila mellan testerna (dvs.en minuts testning, följt av en minuts vila med en varaktighet på 35 minuter). Det andraförsökstillfället bestod av att deltagarna genomförde samma kognitiva testprotokoll samtidigtsom de cyklade, med målet att komma så lågt som möjligt i distans under 35 minuter.Resultaten visade på signifikant lägre kognitiv prestation när deltagarna cyklade samtidigt.Genom närmare analys av varje enskilt test (som ämnade mäta de kognitiva funktionernabeslutsfattande, arbetsminne och uppdatering) hittades samma trend, men utan signifikans.Fynden kan vara av vikt för idrottare, tränare och idrottspsykologer i deras arbete för attoptimera prestation och minimera kognitiv försämring under fysisk ansträngning. De stödjeräven behovet av ekologisk validitet i studier ämnade att undersöka kognitiv prestation inomidrott. Vidare indikerar fynden att tillämpad idrottspsykologisk forskning kan förbättras genomatt använda en forskningsdesign innehållande kognitiva test som är mer jämförbara med dekognitiva utmaningar idrottare ställs inför under tävlingssammanhang.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Cognitive performance, physical exertion, orienteering, ecological validity
Keywords [sv]
Kognitiv prestation, fysisk ansträngning, orientering, ekologisk validitet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159353OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159353DiVA, id: diva2:1318309
Educational program
Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-29 Created: 2019-05-27 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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