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Dilute-sulfuric acid pretreatment of de-starched cassava stems for enhancing the enzymatic convertibility and total glucan recovery
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
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2019 (English)In: Industrial crops and products (Print), ISSN 0926-6690, E-ISSN 1872-633X, Vol. 132, p. 301-310Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cassava stems are an abundant feedstock that is becoming attractive for biochemical conversion to fuels and chemicals. Since cassava stems are rich in both cellulose and starch, carefully designed pretreatment and digestion procedures are required for achieving high glucan recovery. In this study, partially de-starched cassava stems resulting from a water extraction stage were hydrolyzed with amylases, and the resulting starch-depleted material was pretreated with dilute sulfuric acid, and submitted to enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. The effects of acid pretreatment on glucan recovery, enzymatic convertibility, and by-product formation were investigated using a Box-Behnken experimental design with temperature (165-195 degrees C), time (5-35 min), and acid concentration (0.2-1.0%) as independent variables. In further experimental series, the time period was extended up to 110 min while maintaining temperature at 195 degrees C and sulfuric acid concentration at 0.6%. Using those conditions, pretreatment for 50 min gave the best results (83.8% enzymatic convertibility of pretreated cellulose, and (similar to)72% overall glucan-to-glucose conversion).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 132, p. 301-310
Keywords [en]
Cassava stems, Cellulose hydrolysis, Dilute-Acid pretreatment, Starch hydrolysis
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-158564DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.02.037ISI: 000464485400032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-158564DiVA, id: diva2:1318455
Available from: 2019-05-27 Created: 2019-05-27 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved

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Martín, CarlosStagge, StefanJönsson, Leif J.

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  • apa
  • ieee
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