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Byggnadsrelaterad ohälsa och psykiskt lidande
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Byggnadsrelaterad ohälsa (BRO) är ett tillstånd som utgörs av en intolerans för vissa byggnader eller delar av byggnader som yttrar sig genom besvärande ospecifika symtom. I tidigare studier har psykisk ohälsa visat sig vara en riskfaktor för BRO men det finns ännu få studier som undersöker detta. Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur utbrändhet, depression, ångest och stress, definierat som psykiskt lidande, ser ut hos personer med olika svårighetsgrader av BRO. Svårighetsgrad av BRO definieras på två sätt. Dels utifrån hur många symtomgrupper (fördelade i; slemhinne-, hud- och allmänsymtom) deltagarnas symtom ingår i. Dels utifrån hur stora besvär av BRO-symtomen deltagarna skattar att de har. Studien var en enkätstudie med 106 deltagare inklusive kontrollgrupp, rekryterade från sin företagshälsovård och arbetsplats. Deltagarna arbetade på Norrlands Universitetssjukhus i Umeå eller Skellefteå lasarett. Resultatet visade att det var signifikant fler i gruppen med svår BRO som uppnådde gränsvärdet för svår utbrändhet (4.47). Gruppen med svår BRO skattade signifikant högre än samtliga andra grupper gällande utbrändhet och signifikant högre än kontrollgruppen gällande depression. Alla delar av psykiskt lidande hade signifikanta positiva korrelationer med intensitet av besvär av BRO-symtom. Resultaten indikerar att psykiskt lidande, i synnerhet utbrändhet och till viss del depression, är associerat till stigande svårighetsgrad av BRO.

Abstract [en]

Building related intolerance (BRI) is a condition with disturbing and unspecified symptoms attributed to certain buildings or parts of buildings. In previous research mental ill-health has been identified as a risk factor for BRI, but the studies investigating this are still few. The general aim of the current study was to investigate how burnout, depression, anxiety and stress, defined as psychological distress, is constituted among people with different levels of severity of BRI. Level of severity was defined in two different ways. As number of BRI-symptoms (distributed into three groups; mucosal, skin and general symptoms) and as intensity ratings of suffering from BRI-symptoms. The data was collected through a questionnaire answered by 106 participants including a control group. Participants were recruited from their occupational health care and their workplace. The participants worked at the university hospital of Umeå or the hospital in Skellefteå. The results showed that there were significantly more people that reached a cut-off for severe burnout (4.47), in the group with severe BRI. The group with severe BRI rated significantly higher than all other groups regarding burnout and significantly higher than a control group regarding depression. All parts of psychological distress had a significant positive correlation with measures of suffering from BRI-symptoms. The results indicates that psychological distress, burnout in particular and partially depression, is associated with increasing severity levels of BRI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 17
Keywords [en]
Building related intolerance, BRI, SBS, stress, depression, anxiety, burnout
Keywords [sv]
Byggnadsrelaterad ohälsa, BRO, SBS, stress, depression, ångest, utbrändhet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159511DiVA, id: diva2:1319008
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-05-29 Last updated: 2019-06-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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