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The Origins of Human Functional Stereotaxis: A Reappraisal
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Clinical Neuroscience. UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK.
2019 (English)In: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, ISSN 1011-6125, E-ISSN 1423-0372, Vol. 97, no 1, p. 49-54Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to shed light on the first application of human functional stereotactic neurosurgery, whether it was in the realm of movement disorders, as has been claimed repeatedly, or in the realm of psychiatry, a review of the original scholarly literature was conducted. Tracking and scrutinising original publications by Spiegel and Wycis, the pioneers of human stereotactic neurosurgery, it was found that its origin and the very incentive for its development and first clinical use were to avoid the side effects of frontal leucotomy. The first applications of functional stereotactic neurosurgery were in performing dorsomedial thalamotomies in psychiatric patients; it was only later that the stereotactic technique was applied in patients with chronic pain, movement disorders and epilepsy. Spiegel and Wycis' first functional stereotactic operations were for obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, and other psychiatric conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
S. Karger, 2019. Vol. 97, no 1, p. 49-54
Keywords [en]
Psychosurgery, Functional neurosurgery, Leucotomy, Thalamotomy, Stereotaxy, History, Stereotactic surgery
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159643DOI: 10.1159/000496157ISI: 000467683300008PubMedID: 30759450OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159643DiVA, id: diva2:1319722
Available from: 2019-06-03 Created: 2019-06-03 Last updated: 2019-06-03Bibliographically approved

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Hariz, Marwan

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