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What determines gender inequalities in social capital in Ukraine?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5067-1609
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0108-4237
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Police Education Unit at Umeå University.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0556-1483
2019 (English)In: SSM - Population Health, ISSN 2352-8273, Vol. 8, article id 100383Article in journal (Other academic) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background

Social capital is a social determinant of health that has an impact on equity and well-being. It may be unequally distributed among any population. The aims of this study are to investigate the distribution of different forms of social capital between men and women in Ukraine and analyse how potential gender inequalities in social capital might be explained and understood in the Ukrainian context.

Method

The national representative cross-sectional data from the European Social Survey (wave 6) was used with a sample of 1377 women and 797 men. Seven outcomes that represent cognitive and structural social capital were constructed i.e. institutional trust, generalised trust, reciprocity, safety, as well as bonding, bridging and linking forms. Multivariate logistic regression and post-regression Fairlies decompositions were used for the analyses.

Results

There are several findings that resulted from the analyses i), access to institutional trust, linking and bridging social capital is very limited; ii), the odds for almost all forms of social capital (besides safety) are lower for men; iii), feeling about income and age explain most of the gender differences and act positively, as well as offsetting the differences.

Conclusion

Social capital is unequally distributed between different population groups. Some forms of social capital have a stronger buffering effect on women than on men in Ukraine. Reducing gender and income inequalities would probably influence the distribution of social capital within the society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 8, article id 100383
Keywords [en]
social capital, Ukraine, gender, inequality
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Social Sciences
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159716DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100383OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159716DiVA, id: diva2:1320144
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Karhina, KaterynaEriksson, MalinGhazinour, MehdiNg, Nawi

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Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR)Department of historical, philosophical and religious studiesDepartment of Epidemiology and Global HealthDepartment of Social WorkPolice Education Unit at Umeå University
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