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Angiotensin II and salt-induced decompensation in Balb/CJ mice is aggravated by fluid retention related to low oxidative stress
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2019 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, ISSN 1931-857X, E-ISSN 1522-1466, Vol. 316, no 5, p. F914-F933Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Balb/CJ mice are more sensitive to treatment with angiotensin II (ANG II) and high-salt diet compared with C57BL/6J mice. Together with higher mortality, they develop edema, signs of heart failure, and acute kidney injury. The aim of the present study was to identify differences in renal gene regulation that may affect kidney function and fluid balance, which could contribute to decompensation in Balb/CJ mice after ANG II + salt treatment. Male Balb/CJ and C57BL/6J mice were divided into the following five different treatment groups: control, ANG II, salt, ANG II + salt. and ANG II + salt + N-acetylcysteine. Gene expression microarrays were used to explore differential gene expression after treatment and between the strains. Published data from the Mouse Genome Database were used to identify the associated genomic differences. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was measured using inulin clearance, and fluid balance was measured using metabolic cages. Gene ontology enrichment analysis of gene expression microarrays identified glutathione transferase (antioxidant system) as highly enriched among differentially expressed genes. Balb/CJ mice had similar GFR compared with C57BL/6J mice but excreted less Na+ and water, although net fluid and electrolyte balance did not differ, suggesting that Balb/CJ mice may be inherently more prone to decompensation. Interestingly, C57BL/6J mice had higher urinary oxidative stress despite their relative protection from decompensation. In addition, treatment with the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine decreased oxidative stress in C57BL/6J mice, reduced urine excretion, and increased mortality. Balb/CJ mice are more sensitive than C57BL/6J to ANG II + salt, in part mediated by lower oxidative stress, which favors fluid and Na+ retention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Physiological Society , 2019. Vol. 316, no 5, p. F914-F933
Keywords [en]
fluid balance, kidney function, mice, microarray, oxidative stress
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159399DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00483.2018ISI: 000467160100016PubMedID: 30785350OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159399DiVA, id: diva2:1322072
Available from: 2019-06-10 Created: 2019-06-10 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved

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Ericsson, MadeleneNilsson, Stefan K.

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Ericsson, MadeleneNilsson, Stefan K.Hultström, Michael
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Department of Medical Biosciences
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