umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Plant functional types and temperature control carbon input via roots in peatland soils
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
Show others and affiliations
2019 (English)In: Plant and Soil, ISSN 0032-079X, E-ISSN 1573-5036, Vol. 438, no 1-2, p. 19-38Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: Northern peatlands store large amounts of soil organic carbon (C) that can be very sensitive to ongoing global warming. Recently it has been shown that temperature-enhanced growth of vascular plants in these typically moss-dominated ecosystems may promote microbial peat decomposition by increased C input via root exudates. To what extent different plant functional types (PFT) and soil temperature interact in controlling root C input is still unclear. In this study we explored how root C input is related to the presence of ericoid shrubs (shrubs) and graminoid sedges (sedges) by means of a factorial plant clipping experiment (= PFT effect) in two peatlands located at different altitude (= temperature effect).

Methods: By selective clipping of shrub and sedge shoots in mixed vegetation at two Alpine peatland sites we interrupted the above- to belowground translocation of C, thus temporarily inhibiting root C release. Subsequent measurements of soil respiration, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration and stable isotope composition (13C) of DOC in pore water were used as proxies to estimate the above- to belowground transfer of C by different PFT.

Results: We found that soil respiration rates and DOC concentrations temporarily decreased within 24 h after clipping, with the decrease in soil respiration being most pronounced at the 1.4 °C warmer peatland after clipping shrubs. The transient drop in DOC concentration coincided with a shift towards a heavier C isotope signature, indicating that the decrease was associated with inhibition of a light C source that we attribute to root exudates. Together these results imply that shrubs translocated more C into the peat than sedges, particularly at higher temperature.

Conclusions: We showed that plant functional type and temperature interact in controlling root C input under field conditions in peatlands. Our results provide a mechanistic evidence that shrubs may potentially promote the release of stored soil C through root-derived C input.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019. Vol. 438, no 1-2, p. 19-38
Keywords [en]
Dissolved organic carbon, C-13, Peatland, Root carbon input, Soil respiration, Sedges, Shrubs, Vascular plants
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159863DOI: 10.1007/s11104-019-03958-6ISI: 000468540800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159863DiVA, id: diva2:1322174
Available from: 2019-06-10 Created: 2019-06-10 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Erhagen, Björn

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Erhagen, Björn
By organisation
Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
In the same journal
Plant and Soil
Biological Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf