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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): lessons learned from population-based national registries: a systematic review
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences.
2019 (English)In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 1731-1748Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was introduced more than four decades ago as a diagnostic tool for biliary and pancreatic diseases. Currently, ERCP is mainly used as a therapeutic approach to relieve biliary or pancreatic duct obstruction. Clinical practice has been based on a few large reports and some randomized controlled trials. These data are valuable and important, but the external validity of these reports is limited. Implementation into routine practice should be balanced with the knowledge that these studies were conducted under very specific circumstances. This review was undertaken to describe ERCP results from population-based national registries recorded during routine clinical practice.

Methods: A systematic literature search of the electronic databases Medline Ovid and Embase was conducted. Eligible papers were selected and data were recorded according to the PRISMA criteria.

Results: Thirty-one studies were included: 15 true national population-based and 16 population-level studies. Most studies originated from countries with a governmental public health care system. At least three-quarters of the ERCP procedures are currently therapeutic, and the technical success rate is high (>90%). The postprocedure 30-day mortality rate ranged between 1 and 5% and was strongly correlated with older age, male sex, emergency admission, and noncancer comorbidities, but exhibited a lower correlation with the annual ERCP volume. Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis or liver cirrhosis should receive particular attention. The risk of developing a bile duct, liver, or pancreas malignancy after ERCP tended to increase, but endoscopic sphincterotomy did not affect this risk.

Conclusion: ERCP is currently mainly used as a therapeutic approach, and the results are generally likely to improve patients' conditions. A nationwide registry enables better monitoring of routine clinical practice. The collection of valuable information from routine clinical practice in population-based databases may help to improve patient care from best evidence to best practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2019. Vol. 33, no 6, p. 1731-1748
Keywords [en]
ERCP, National, Registry, Population-based, Outcomes
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159587DOI: 10.1007/s00464-019-06734-wISI: 000467688800004PubMedID: 30863927OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159587DiVA, id: diva2:1326395
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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Enochsson, Lars

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