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Defining a mountain landscape characterized by grazing using actor perception, governmental strategy, and environmental monitoring data
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7674-6197
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Science, Umeå, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8002-5771
2019 (English)In: Journal of Mountain Science, ISSN 1672-6316, E-ISSN 1993-0321, Vol. 16, no 7, p. 1691-1701Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In multi-functional mountainous landscapes worldwide, conservation of natural values is a major task. Here, pro-active policies can be a way forward. National Environmental Quality Objectives (EQO) to solve environmental problems for future generations, however, often wrestle with being too visionary and lacking specificity, which complicates their implementation. The EQO A Magnificent Mountain Landscape that has been adopted by the Swedish Parliament in 1999 to preserve the pristine mountain environment in Sweden, experiences all these flaws. To aid its implementation, we studied the conditions and processes needed to define, to evaluate, and to preserve its goals across the Swedish mountain chain, using one of its milestone targets (a landscape characterized by grazing) as a study system. Applying qualitative and quantitative methods, we analyzed three types of data: 1) referral responses to the governmental strategy document, 2) interviews with relevant actors, and 3) environmental monitoring data (reindeer position data). Nationally, our results suggest a need for geographical differentiation to match regional/local conditions. Regionally, difference in both perception and definition of the milestone target among the actors hinders the formulation, monitoring, and evaluation of a common goal. Next to a culture-nature divide, we found that a within as a user and from the outside as an observer perspective influenced suggested definitions. Moreover, we found a need for better defining whether the goal is maintaining current conditions or restoring previous ones. Our result supports the use of animal position data as a decision support tool to monitor and to aid evaluation of the target. Given the number of actors involved and conflicts of interests present, we suggest the application of a structured decision process to accomplish agreements on a common goal. Here, environmental monitoring data can aid a landscape assessment step as a natural part in the decision process to target landscape management actions resourcefully and effectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 16, no 7, p. 1691-1701
Keywords [en]
Milestone target, Structured decision process, Reindeer herding, Herbivory, Environmental conservation strategy, Sweden
National Category
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-161832DOI: 10.1007/s11629-018-5258-xISI: 000474574600016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-161832DiVA, id: diva2:1341438
Available from: 2019-08-08 Created: 2019-08-08 Last updated: 2019-08-08Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, CamillaHolmgren, Lina

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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