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”Om du tar av dig slöjan, så kanske du får jobbet.” - En kvalitativ studie av kvinnors erfarenheter av och föreställningar om arbetsmarknaden, i relation till att bära slöja.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
”If you take off the veil, then you might get the job.” - A qualitative study of women's experiences of and beliefs about the labor market, in relation to wearing the veil. (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study is to highlight women's experiences of and beliefs about the labour market, in relation to wearing the veil. It´s based on a qualitative study of semi-structured interviews with thirteen university students of women wearing hijab and illustrate how their reflections of discrimination affect educational choices. It also describes what treatment the women wearing hijab has experienced in previous contact with the labor market and when the veil has been actualized in different work situations.

The result is described in three themes:  “wearing hijab”, “education and profession” and “work life”. It displays how the women highlight their experiences of discrimination towards their hijab and states that there is discrimination in social and public contexts, as well as in the Swedish labor market. Furthermore, the women tell how difficult it is for the hijab wearing woman to be considered as her own individual, instead, she is defined by the hijab and met with prejudiced values and reactions. The results were analyzed with theories as postcolonial feminism, orientalism, and different forms of discrimination, stigmatization and exclusion.

During the job search, the respondents in this study tells that they need to over emphasize their skills because they constantly feel that they need to disprove prejudices about an imagine incompetence. Especially after the European Court of Justice ruled (2017-03-14) that entitles the employers to deny women wearing hijab at the workplace. Additionally, the negative attitude is not always visible but hidden outward and towards the periphery of society. This study clarifies how they are treated in society and highlights the limits of their opportunities in the labor market because of prejudice about the hijab. The results are related to previous studies and are discussed in relation to the dominant image of the veil in the West.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 60
Keywords [en]
hijab, labor market, orientalism, postcolonial feminism, identity, higher education and discrimination.
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162166OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-162166DiVA, id: diva2:1343033
Educational program
Master in Social Work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-15 Created: 2019-08-15 Last updated: 2019-08-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf