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The introduction of gender quotas in sport governing bodies and the conceptualizations of 'adequate' representation
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2745-4841
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9619-801x
2019 (English)In: Book of Abstracts 2019 International Sociology of Sport Conference, 2019Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is twofold. First, we aim to construct knowledge on the conceptualizations of democratic representation that underpin selection processes to sport organization boards. Second, we seek to examine responses to policy tools used to achieve 'adequate' representation in sport governance (e.g., gender quotas) that these conceptualizations of representation may give rise to in order to be able to discuss some of the uninteded consequences that may follow on the use of policy tools in this area. The analysis draws on data from interviews with representatives of 62 (out of 72) Swedish National Sport Organizations' nomination committees and focuses on the relationship between views of representation and stances towards an impeding introduction of a mandatory 40/60 board gender quota in all governing bodies in Swedish voluntary sport. The analysis elucidates, first, that conceptualizations among the interviewees may be categorized as either 'standing for' or 'acting for' views of representation (Fenichel Pitkin, 1972). Second, responsiveness to the introduction of a gender quota is shown to be related to these views of representation, with the dominating acting for view of representation being linked to a sceptic stance towards a quota. These findings suggest that employing policy tools such as gender quotas runs the risk of giving rise to two uninteded consequences: 1) creating overrepresentation of a gender in a board not matching the gender distribution in the membership-cadre (something that may be viewed as undemocratic); and 2) overshadowing other, equally important, representation categories (e.g., age or geographic origin). 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162905OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-162905DiVA, id: diva2:1347177
Conference
World Congress of Sociology of Sport 2019, April 24-27, Dunedin, New Zealand
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in SportsAvailable from: 2019-08-30 Created: 2019-08-30 Last updated: 2019-09-06

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Fahlén, JosefStenling, Cecilia

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf