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Is the effect of ill health on school achievement among Swedish adolescents gendered?
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6008-2296
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete. Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, Sweden.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. (Umeå SIMSAM Lab)
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: SSM - Population Health, ISSN 2352-8273, Vol. 8, artikel-id 100408Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates why the relationship between health problems requiring hospitalization between the ages of 13 and 16 and school achievement (school grades in 9th grade) in Sweden was stronger for girls than for boys. We reviewed previous research on gender differences in subjective health, health care utilization and medical drug treatment to identify mechanisms responsible for this gendered effect. The relationship was analysed using retrospective observational data from several national full-population registers of individuals born in 1990 in Sweden (n = 115 196), and ordinary least squares techniques were used to test hypotheses. We found that girls had longer stays when hospitalized, which mediated 15% of the interaction effect. Variability in drug treatment between boys and girls did not explain the gendered effect of hospitalization. The main mediator of the gendered effect was instead differences in diagnoses between boys and girls. Girls’ hospitalizations were more commonly related to mental and behavioural diagnoses, which have particularly detrimental effects on school achievement.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 8, artikel-id 100408
Nyckelord [en]
Sweden, Child health, Adolescent health, Disease, Mental disorders, Academic achievement, Registries, Gender differences
Nationell ämneskategori
Socialt arbete
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163022DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100408PubMedID: 31289741OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163022DiVA, id: diva2:1348693
Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-05 Skapad: 2019-09-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-31Bibliografiskt granskad

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Bortes, CristianStrandh, MattiasNilsson, Karina

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