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Swedish Steel and Global Resource Colonialism: Sandviken's Quest for Turkish Chromium, 1925-1950
KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9558-4621
KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 65, no 3, p. 307-325Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses Swedish industry’s attempts to secure strategic raw materials in an era of global resource colonialism. More precisely, it tells the story of how Sandvikens Jernverk – a leading Swedish steel producer – set out to secure its need for chromium ore during the Interwar Era. Up to the late 1920s, Sandviken sourced its chromium from British and French colonies. However, the company feared the British Empire’s growing dominance in the global chromium ore market. In 1928, then, Sandviken joined forces with several other Swedish steel producers, forming a consortium that, with ample help from Swedish foreign policy actors, managed to establish an independent source of chromium ore in Turkey. This project, however, which took the form of an Istanbul-based mining company, made big losses and was abandoned after only a few years. The project failed because of changes in the world chromium market, the global economic crisis, conflicts with the company’s Turkey-based managing director and the Swedish reluctance to scale up mining in such a way that the chromium ore might compete with Rhodesian, New Caledonian and Baluchistani ore.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017. Vol. 65, no 3, p. 307-325
Keywords [en]
Resource scarcity, strategic metals, chromium, colonialism, Swedish-Turkish relations
National Category
History of Technology
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-156977DOI: 10.1080/03585522.2017.1369152ISI: 000423987600008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85029414617OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-156977DiVA, id: diva2:1349506
Projects
Sweden and the origins of global resource colonialism
Funder
Swedish Research Council, C0104501
Note

QC 20171011

Available from: 2019-09-09 Created: 2019-09-09 Last updated: 2019-09-10Bibliographically approved

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Vikström, Hanna

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