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Inaktiva äldre personers mående under utförandet av mycket korta högintensiva cykelintervaller
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Affective response during very short high-intensity sprint intervals in sedentary older adults (English)
Abstract [en]

High Intensity Training (HIT) is a time efficient training method with positive effects on several health outcomes. Although promising, HIT has found it difficult to compare with Moderate Intensity Continuous Exercise (MICT) regarding affective responses during exercise, an important predictor to future exercise behavior. The purpose of this study was to compare the affective responses during two different forms of cycle ergometer training in sedentary older adults, and to describe affective responses over time. A secondary purpose was to evaluate the relationship between affective responses and perceived exertion. A regulated supramaximal HIT protocol (10 x 6 sec) was compared to MICT (3 x 8 min). Thirty participants (aged 69,4 ± 2,9; 15women) completed physical tests and were then randomized into six weeks of HIT or MICT (12 sessions). Affective state was measured using Feeling Scale (FS) and perceived exertion through Borg’s Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE). There was no significant differences between groups regarding the affective responses assessed at the end of the final interval on any of the 12 sessions. The affective response during the last interval remained positive throughout the intervention (HIT: +3,0 to +3,7; MICT: +3,0 to +3,9). A weak correlation was observed between FS and Borg’s RPE for both interventions (HIT: p<.0001, rs = -.3724; MICT: p<.0001, rs = -.3697). This study highlights HIT with very short sprint intervals as a time efficient and feasible training method in sedentary older adults due to the participants’ positive affective responses. Future studies should examine the effects of this novel training method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 39
Keywords [en]
High-intensity interval training, sprint interval training, affective state, perceived exertion, sedentary behavior
Keywords [sv]
Högintensiv intervallträning, sprintintervallträning, upplevelser, stillasittande livsstil, hälsosamt åldrande
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163182OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163182DiVA, id: diva2:1349905
Educational program
Master program in Sports Medicine
Supervisors
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Projects
The Umeå HIT StudyAvailable from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-09-10 Last updated: 2019-09-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf