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Skador, rehabilitering och self-efficacy inom artistisk gymnastik: En kvalitativ studie utifrån tränarens perspektiv
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Injuries, rehabilitation and self-efficacy in artistic gymnastics : A qualitative study from the coach perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka tränarens syn på skador och rehabilitering inom artistisk gymnastik (AG). I studien utforskades även hur self-efficacy kan påverka utförandet, uppkomsten av skador och rehabiliteringsprocessen inom AG. Ytterligare undersöktes hur tränare ser på sin roll gällande atleters rehabilitering och återkomst till idrotten efter en skada. Tidigare forskning har visat att skadefrekvensen inom AG är relativt hög. Det finns dock en begränsad mängd rehabiliteringsprotokoll inom AG. Self-efficacy har bevisats påverka utförandet och rehabiliteringsprocessen. Enligt flera tidigare studier har tränaren en väsentlig roll i rehabiliteringsprocessen, exempelvis i form av emotionellt och informativt stöd.I denna studie användes semistrukturerade intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Tränarna (N=6) var tillfrågade att reflektera över skadefrekvensen, rehabiliteringsprocessen, self-efficacy och sin roll under rehabiliteringen. Tränarna ansåg överbelastningsskador mest förekommande. Samtliga tränare ansåg dock att osäkerhet och rädsla kan öka risken för skador. Depåpekade vikten av att kunna anpassa sigoch träningen utifrån atleten och dess behov. Tränarna ansåg det viktigt att ha samarbete med medicinsk personal angående skador och rehabilitering. De uttryckte även att tränaren kan påverka gymnasternas självförtroende vilket i sin tur påverkar rehabiliteringsprocessen.Studiens resultatdiskuteras med tidigare studier om skador, rehabilitering, self-efficacy och tränarrollen i atletens rehabilitering.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was to examine coaches’ perspective of injuries and rehabilitation within artistic gymnastics (AG). In particular, the study explored the influence of coaches’valuation of gymnasts’self-efficacy on performance, injuries and in the rehabilitation process. Further, the coaches’ role in athletes’ rehabilitation of injuries and the decision to return to sport participation after an injury was examined. Previous research has shown that the frequency of incidence of injury in AGis relatively high, however well-established rehabilitation protocols to return to sport participation within gymnastics are limited. Extensive research notes that athletes’ self-efficacy influences performance and is central in a successful process of injury rehabilitation. Previous studies have highlighted that coaches play a significant role in athletes’ rehabilitation from injury; for example, coaches offer emotional and informational support. The present study undertook semi-structured interviews withAG coaches (N=6) to collect data regarding their perspectives of the occurrence of injury, rehabilitation, gymnast’sself-efficacy as well as their role in the rehabilitation process. In general, coaches assumed that overuse injuries were most frequent inAG and marked an importance of a coaches’ ability to adapt the training to the needs/capacity of the gymnasts. Allthe coaches considered gymnastsfear and lack of confidence as risk factors for injuries. They expressed that coaches can have an impact on gymnasts’ self-efficacy. The findings in this study are discussed in relation to previous studies on injuries, rehabilitation, self-efficacy, and the coaches’ role in athletes’ rehabilitation

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 45
Keywords [en]
njuries, Rehabilitation, Artistic gymnastics, Self-efficacy, Coaches
Keywords [sv]
Skador, Rehabilitering, Artistisk gymnastik, Self-efficacy, Tränare
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163295OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163295DiVA, id: diva2:1351931
External cooperation
Gymnastik
Educational program
Physical Trainer Pogramme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-17 Created: 2019-09-17 Last updated: 2019-09-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
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