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The specific co-ion effect on gelling and surface charging of silica nanoparticles: Speculation or reality?
Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1054-221X
Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2018 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 559, p. 334-341Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on extensive experimental investigations on many different oxide nanoparticles, it is now a well-established view that the counter-ions exhibit ion specific effects due to their high charge density and strong interaction with oppositively charged surfaces. On the other hand, studies regarding co-ion effects are scarcely reported in the literature. In this study we have measured the surface charge densities and gel-times of silica nanoparticles in a number of salts which have the same counter-ions but different co-ions, i.e. anions in this case. Gel-times were measured in LiCl, NaCl, NaNO3, NaClO4, NaClO3 and Na2SO4 as well as in KCl, KNO3, and K2SO4. We have seen clear correlations between the gel-times and the extent of ion pairing in the solutions; salts that have strong ion pairing exhibit longer gel-times than salts having highly dissociated ions. To better understand the mechanisms at work we have determined the surface charging of silica nanoparticles in these salt solutions and we have observed that the surface charging behavior of silica nanoparticles follows the trends seen in the gel-time studies. From our gel-time determinations and potentiometric measurements we can claim that there is a clear co-ion effect on the gelling and surface charging of silica nanoparticles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 559, p. 334-341
Keywords [en]
Co-ion effect, Silica nanoparticles, Surface charge, Potentiometric titration, Gel-Times, Ion pairing, Activity coefficients, Silica surface chemistry
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163504DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2018.09.057ISI: 000448734600038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163504DiVA, id: diva2:1353720
Available from: 2019-09-23 Created: 2019-09-23 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved

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Rambaran, Mark

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