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Characterization of ring deposits inside a quicklime producing long rotary kiln
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics. Nordkalk AB, Köping, Sverige. (Thermochemical Energy Conversion Laboratory)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics. (Thermochemical Energy Conversion Laboratory (TEC-Lab))ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1095-9154
2019 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Ring deposits are common problems in rotary kiln operations. The ring is constantly subjected to thermal and mechanical wear counteracting the growth of the ring. If the ring hardens or if the growth of the ring is too rapid the kiln needs to be shut down and the ring removed, reducing the operational time and profitability of the process. In the present study, ring deposits from a limestone fed long rotary kiln producing quicklime was sampled and characterized in detail by SEM-EDS, dynamic rate TG and XRD. This work identifies three hardening mechanisms active in the kiln, an increased densification of the ring deposits near the refractory surface, the formation of calcite and spurrite through carbonation of the ring deposits, and the intrusion of molten fuel ash and product into the refractory, resulting in a strong attachment of the deposit to the refractory surface. The work also concludes that a significant part of the ring deposit has its origin in the fuel ash, contributing to deposit mass and increasing ring growth rate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2019.
Keywords [en]
Ring formation, kiln deposits, rotary kiln, quicklime, fuel ash
National Category
Chemical Process Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163513DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.9b00865OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163513DiVA, id: diva2:1353900
Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-09-30

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Eriksson, MatiasCarlborg, MarkusBroström, Markus

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