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Video-reporting of practical activities: a tool for developing and spreading science teacher professional expertise
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Science and Mathematics Education. (UMSER)
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Educational discourse about teacher as an expert professional practitioner is growing in Sweden.  In science education, teacher expertise in conducting practical activities constitutes an important part of the professional responsibilities (Hofstein & Lunetta, 2004).  Outdoor activities are more demanding from management perspective and conducted mainly by enthusiasts. Creative solutions of organising practical work in science in different contexts are usually teacher-bounded. Anecdotal evidence shows that when the teacher retires or changes workplace his or her favourite equipment and developed lab-instructions tend to be soon forgotten, if they are not became rooted in the traditions and practice of the school. Rephrasing Edwards (2010) we can state that teachers inhabit practices laden with the accumulated knowledge and values necessary to undertake activities and they engage in activities when they possess necessary knowledge and share the values.

This presentation reports the study summarising my teaching experience of using video-reporting of practical outdoor activities during science-orientation courses for prospective primary school teachers. The focus of these activities was on developing effective tools for accumulating and spreading teacher expertise in using outdoors contexts in science education.

Results

Open authentic practical activities were suggested to the students to be conducted outdoors (Popov & Engh, 2016), for example on playgrounds, which should be reported with the help of short videos (5-6 min). The activities included formulation of practically solvable problems, preparation of scenarios, practical work outdoors, video-recordings with mobile phones, and the editing and reporting of results.

Practical activities were reported in a broad variety of forms, including fairy tales, competitions, instructional videos, etc. The course participants provided different didactical solutions as to how their videos can be used in science classrooms, for example; as an introduction to new study-topics, as explanations of a phenomenon, or as a point of departure for flipped-classroom arrangements. Students showed possible ways to connect these activities to the national educational policy documents as well as the school science curriculum. They also suggested theoretical justifications of selected forms of doing and presenting activities using for example cultural-historical activity theory. Findings confirmed the effectiveness of out-of-classroom contexts for learning science (Popov, 2015) and the potential of video-reporting in developing science teacher professional expertise.  

References

Hofstein, A. & Lunetta, V.N. (2004). The laboratory in science education: Foundations for the twenty-first century. Science Education. Vol.8, N 1, pp. 28-54.

Edwards, A. (2010).  Being an expert professional practitioner: the relational turn in expertise.  Dordrecht the Netherlands; New York: Springer.

Popov, O., Engh, R. (2016). Utomhusfysik: uppleva, undersöka, utforska. // Outdoor physics: experience, explore, research. [In Swedish] Studentlitteratur. Lund.

Popov, O. (2015). Outdoor Science in Teacher Education. In T. Hansson (Ed.), Contemporary Approaches to Activity Theory: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Human Behavior. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. pp. 128-142.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
video, practical activities, science education
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
didactics of physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164182OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164182DiVA, id: diva2:1361280
Conference
Educating the Educators III International Conference on Approaches to Scaling-up Professional Development in Maths and Science Education. The University of Education Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. 7-8 October 2019
Available from: 2019-10-15 Created: 2019-10-15 Last updated: 2019-10-24Bibliographically approved

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Popov, Oleg

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf