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Political trust and the relationship between climate change beliefs and support for fossil fuel taxes: Evidence from a survey of 23 European countries
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Sociology, University of Graz, Austria.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1400-2141
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3349-5778
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4614-343x
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 59, artikel-id 102003Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Taxes on fossil fuels could be a useful policy tool for governments seeking to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. However, such taxes are politically challenging to introduce, as public opinion is usually hostile to them. Prior studies have found that attitudes toward carbon and other environmental taxes reflect not just people's beliefs and concerns about the problems these taxes address, but also their trust in their country's politicians and political system. Using multilevel models fitted to data collected in 2016 on 42,401 individuals in 23 European countries, we show for the first time that these two factors interact. Among Europeans who distrust their country's politicians, political parties, and parliament, or who live in countries with low levels of political trust, being aware and concerned about climate change is at most weakly associated with support for taxes on fossil fuels. Europeans with high political trust, on the other hand, tend to be much more supportive of fossil fuel taxes if they also believe in the reality and dangers of anthropogenic climate change. Cross-nationally, the nations whose populations are most supportive of higher taxes on fossil fuels are not those that are more aware and concerned about climate change; rather, they are those with the highest levels of political trust.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 59, artikel-id 102003
Nyckelord [en]
Environmental attitudes, Carbon tax, Climate change, Political trust, European Social Survey, Multilevel model
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164690DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.102003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85073954553OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164690DiVA, id: diva2:1366075
Ingår i projekt
Klimatförändringarna och medborgarnas miljöengagemang i en värld av ökande nationalism, Vetenskapsrådet
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 01143Wallenbergstiftelserna, 2014.0034Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, NHS14-2035:1Tillgänglig från: 2019-10-28 Skapad: 2019-10-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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Fairbrother, MalcolmJohansson Sevä, IngemarKulin, Joakim

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Fairbrother, MalcolmJohansson Sevä, IngemarKulin, Joakim
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Global Environmental Change
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Totalt: 247 träffar
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