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Episcopal Economics: Property and Power in Post-Reformation Iceland
Department of History, University of Iceland.
Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies.
University of Iceland.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1619-7955
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies, Environmental Archaeology Lab. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Humlab.
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

It has been common to view the Icelandic economy either from the perspective of the individual farm in terms of its productivity or at the national scale in terms of trade and the role of imports/exports. Given the fact that the economy was largely a tenant-based system with a small number of landowners, there is an important middle ground between the household economics of individual farms and the state-sanctioned trade structures that needs to be explored. The objective of this paper is to examine this middle ground and the way the economy was structured in relation to property ownership and tenancy using the case study of the bishopric of Skálholt during the 17th and 18th centuries. Adopting a modified system of provision approach, three scales of analysis are adopted: the settlement itself, the immediate environs and finally the wider regional property network. Tracing the connections outward at successive scales reveals the complex nature of the economic infrastructure behind one of the largest landowners in Iceland at this time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
property, power, Iceland
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164759DOI: 10.1080/03468755.2019.1625436ISI: 000472278600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164759DiVA, id: diva2:1366820
Available from: 2019-10-30 Created: 2019-10-30 Last updated: 2019-10-31
In thesis
1. Storied lines: using historical documentation to characterize archaeological connectivity
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Storied lines: using historical documentation to characterize archaeological connectivity
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As the title suggests, this thesis applies historical documentation as a connective tissue to link together the main conceptual classes in Iceland’s largest SMR, Ísleif. These are the roughly 6000 historic farmsteads used as a classification scheme in Johnsen’s 1847 land census Jarðatal Johnsens. This thesis has three main components. It is primarily an infrastructural work, and most of the time spent on the thesis went into building the underlying database, made in a way to be accessible to a wide audience and integrated with related research infrastructures already in place and in development. Secondly, it is a methodological work, as the highly detailed inter-site relationships encoded in the infrastructure allowed me to model highly contextual networks, which in turn enabled me to develop new methods for modelling archaeo-historical networks by using the computational ontology CIDOC-CRM. Finally, the historiographical component of the thesis investigates the role of networks of interactions between farmsteads in early 18th century Iceland, and more specifically the role of resource claim networks in land use during the post-Reformation and earlier periods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2019. p. 54
Series
Archaeology and environment, ISSN 0281-5877 ; 32
Keywords
archaeology, iceland, history, 18th century, network analysis, postgis, cidoc-crm, assemblage theory, archaeoinformatics, network
National Category
Archaeology History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164761 (URN)978-91-7855-132-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-11-22, S104, Samhällsvetarhuset, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-11-01 Created: 2019-10-30 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved

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