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Work ability and productivity among dentists: associations with musculoskeletal pain, stress, and sleep
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology. Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2365-4598
Department of Research and Development, Sundsvall, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose Work ability can be measured by the work ability index (WAI), and work-related questions measuring productivity loss in terms of quality and quantity of work. Dentists have high occupational risk of musculoskeletal pain and the exposure of ergonomic strain is already high during dental education. The aim was to evaluate work ability and productivity among dentists, and to identify gender differences and associations with sleep, stress, and reported frequent pain.

Methods The study population comprised 187 dentists (123 women and 64 men) who had been working as dentists between 5 and 12 years. Participants completed a questionnaire regarding sleep, stress, presence of pain at different sites, work ability assessed by WAI, and productivity in terms of quality and quantity of work.

Results Poor sleep quality and high level of stress were reported by 31% and 48.1% of participants, respectively, with no gender differences and no association with age. The prevalence of frequent pain ranged 6.4–46.5% with shoulders being the most prevalent site. Thirty-three percent reported reduced work ability. Poor sleep, high amount of stress, and multi-site pain were associated with decreased work ability.

Conclusions A high prevalence of pain was shown among dentists. Decreased work ability in terms of productivity loss was associated with poor sleep quality, high amount of stress, and multi-site pain. Preventive actions at the workplace should promote good musculoskeletal health, and measures taken, both individual and organizational, to minimize the risk of high, persistent stress and work-related pain.

Keywords Dentist · Pain · Productivity · Sleep · Stress · Work ability 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-164959DOI: 10.1007/s00420-019-01478-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-164959DiVA, id: diva2:1368123
Available from: 2019-11-06 Created: 2019-11-06 Last updated: 2019-11-06

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Marklund, SusannaStorm Mienna, ChristinaWahlström, JensWiesinger, Birgitta

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