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Cell transfection of purified cytolethal distending toxin B subunits allows comparing their nuclease activity while plasmid degradation assay does not
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2019 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 3, article id e0214313Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Cytolethal Distending Toxin (CDT) is produced by many pathogenic bacteria. CDT is known to induce genomic DNA damage to host eukaryotic cells through its catalytic subunit, CdtB. CdtB is structurally homologous to DNase I and has a nuclease activity, dependent on several key residues. Yet some differences between various CdtB subunit activities, and discrepancies between biochemical and cellular data, have been observed. To better characterise the role of CdtB in the induction of DNA damage, we affinity-purified wild-type and mutants of CdtB, issued from E. coli and H. ducreyi, under native and denaturing conditions. We then compared their nuclease activity by a classic in vitro assay using plasmid DNA, and two different eukaryotic assays-the first assay where host cells were transfected with a plasmid encoding CdtB, the second assay where host cells were directly transfected with purified CdtB. We show here that in vitro nuclease activities are difficult to quantify, whereas CdtB activities in host cells can be easily interpreted and confirmed the loss of function of the catalytic mutant. Our results highlight the importance of performing multiple assays while studying the effects of bacterial genotoxins, and indicate that the classic in vitro assay should be complemented with cellular assays.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library Science , 2019. Vol. 14, no 3, article id e0214313
National Category
Cancer and Oncology Immunology Microbiology Infectious Medicine
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-165070DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214313ISI: 000462594000053PubMedID: 30921382OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-165070DiVA, id: diva2:1368763
Available from: 2019-11-08 Created: 2019-11-08 Last updated: 2019-11-08Bibliographically approved

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Frisan, Teresa

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